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Detail from the Last Supper stained glass window in All Saints Parish Church Croydon, in memory of Sophia Mirabella Sandilands, wife of the rector 1859 Wimpole Past Logo
Speculum Gregis 1843
'An Account of all the Inhabitants of the Parish of Croydon
in the County of Cambridgeshire commencing from 1 January 1843'
by Reverend Francis Fulford 1803-1868 (Rector at Croydon 1841-1845).
Additional notes by Reverend R S B Sandilands (Rector 1845-1864).

Pages 80 to 91 (Basic Text)

This is the basic text of the "Speculum Gregis" pages 80 to 91 inclusive as an uninterrupted transcription.

Also available is the annotated text of the same 10 pages including additional background material, family research contributions from readers, excerpts from the 1841 census, and some related photographs.


The wording used in both versions was originally a distillation of three separate transcriptions of the original hand-written text. Where the texts differed, I followed the majority unless historical evidence suggests I should do otherwise. I have subsequently transcribed the text direct from the original document so the corrected transcription used on this website (currently pages 1 to 29 inclusive) is therefore my own.

Detailed explanatory notes are given at the foot of each page.

Return to Page 79 (Basic)
Return to Page 79
(Basic Text)

Page 80

Mr Gape's Farm on the Hill
John Pearman & Anne
He farms the estate for his father, who lives at Abington. His brother Abraham lives there generally and is a wild youth (see page 25). Anne Pearman cames from Kneesworth - her name was Saggers.
1. Elizabeth Pearman, aged 5 months. Christened at Croydon Church.
These people has left the parish.

[Above entry is crossed through]

RSBS: (A family of the name of Beales are there now, but they are just about leaving - Mr Merry having taken the farm - and he wishes to let the house.)

Page 81

____ Clarke, wife & large family
A rough lot, never come to Church or send their children to School.

Page 82

Next door
William Blowes & Mary
They can read a little. He works for Mr George and attends Church vary rarely; she never, I believe, goes anywhere.
1. John Blowes, aged 18. Can't read. Horsekeeper at W Wilkins.
2. Moses Blowes, aged 15. Reads very little. Horsekeeper to James Law.

RSBS: (lately comes to the Sunday school)
3. James Blowes, aged 12. Reads very little. Lame from an accident.
4. Kitty Blowes, aged 8. Reads very little.
5. An infant.

She is a daughter of Jane Thacker (page 2). They were married and the children baptised at Croydon Church. Another rough lot, and never come to Church or School.

Page 83

Next door
James Hagger & Biddy
Can't read. He works for Mr Haydon, is given to drinking. She was a widow by the name of Nelson and is an Irish Roman Catholic and has two children by her former husband.
1. John Nelson, aged 17. Can't read. Works and sleeps at Mr Merry's.
2. Kitty Nelson, aged 13. Rather weak in her intellects. She is in the Sunday school.

William Hagger, son to James by a former wife, aged 26, lives here, and is a sad drunken fellow.

RSBS: (Mentioned at page 58. They have removed to the Lime Kilns, and a family from Tadlow of the name of Titmus are come in.)

Page 84

Next door
Charles Titmus & Mary
He is nephew to Charles and Kitty Titmus (page 43). She is the daughter of James Hagger (pages 83 and 58). They can neither read.
1. James Titmus, aged 12. Is lately come into the Sunday school.
2. Thomas Titmus, aged 7.
3. Emma Titmus, aged 5.
4. Susan Titmus, aged 4.
5. John Titmus, aged 1.

They were married and their children Christened in Croydon Church. He works for James Law at Croydon Wilds. They are an unsatisfactory lot, always in rags, never attend Church or School. She and her children have been clothed by us more than once, but it does no good.

Page 85

In the Walnut Field
John Story & Mary
Can't Read. He generally works on the road. She is mother, by a former husband, of Ruth Lyon and Elizabeth Spencer (pages 36 and 51). Dinah Storey's husband was their son; he died about two years since by an accident in a gravel pit. They attend Church - very regularly - she is a communicant, and very lame and has been accustomed to take Laudanum for a pain in leg.

RSBS: (John Story is dead. Mary is entered page 51.)

[Above entries are crossed through]

Austin Simpson, son of Lucy Simpson, married widow Chapman mentioned at page 15, and they have one child born since. He is Horsekeeper to Mr Ellis. Clean, tidy people.

Page 86

Next door
James Chapman
An aged man, a widower, brother-in-law to Mary Storey next door - he has a grandchild Jane Chapman living with him - her friends live at Whaddon - she is rather out of her mind - aged 22.

RSBS: (He is a bad old man - drinks etc.)

RSBS: (Later: Martha Spencer, mentioned page 51, now lodges here.)

Page 87

On the hill going to Gamlingay
Mary Newman

These parties are not married - he is a very free spoken man and justifies his life by quoting Scripture, and the examples of David and Solomon. I have warned and rebuked and presented them at the visitation. The woman would marry gladly. She has one daughter by her late husband and two children by Nash.

Mary Newman is daughter to Charles and Kitty Titmus (page 43).

Page 88

Croydon Church Farm
William Ellis
Farmer - son of a Mr Ellis of Swaffam near Newmarket. Mr James King of Tadlow is his uncle and his sister married their cousin John King this year - 1845 - He is a steady respectable living man, engaged to be married but waiting for better times. He is a Communicant. He is the Parish Guardian and I have nominated him my Churchwarden twice, but he has never been sworn in, nor acted, Mr Merry having been some years in office and doing everything necessary. Mr Ellis is disposed to be a very kind neighbour - when at home always regular at Church, but he is often out of a Sunday.

Page 89

Opposite Wendy Turnpike Gate
William Pedley & Priscilla
He is a sort of bailiff for Mr Rust (who farms lives on an estate the other side of Royston). He is a very steady respectable man, a Communicant but rather inclining to 'expounding' himself. His wife is daughter of John Simpson - late Clerk.
3 children.

RSBS: (He is now Clerk of Wendy church in _____ )

Page 90

Wendy Turnpike Gate
George Bartle Wootton & Ann
He is son of Joseph Wootton (page 21). She comes from Wendy. They seem to be steady, tidy, people.
1 child.

RSBS: (George Wootton died Sunday 27th December 1846 of consumption and Ann his widow married Thomas Lee.)

Page 91

At Mr Jackson's Old Farm
Whitchurch, Wife
And two daughters.
This man used to farm one of Mr Gape's estates, but through his own and his wife's faults, has been ruined, and is now reduced to work on the roads. His wife seems broken down in health and spirits. He is rather given to drink still.

They are only lately come here. He has friends in very good circumstances, but they are all tired out with helping him - an unsatisfactory lot.

RSBS: (Jonathan & Jane Chapman and family (see page 32) now reside in the adjoining house to the above.)

RSBS: (Later note: John & Susan Green and family live here also (see page 58).)

Return to Page 79 (Basic)
Return to Page 79
(Basic Text)
Explanatory Notes:
Fulford generally devoted one page to each property; and I have retained his page numbers as serials for the entries. Crossings out shown are as in the original document. Information, footnotes and commentary additional to the original "Speculum Gregis" texts are shown as [grey text in square brackets].
In the pages of the original "Speculum Gregis", two handwritings are apparent, that of Francis Fulford (entries from 1843 to 1845) and that of his successor, the Rev Sandilands (entries from 1845 to 1848). The notes by the Rev Sandilands have been shown in this online edition as RSBS: (dark blue text within round brackets) and sometimes identified as a later entry.
However, having taken the opportunity to check the first 30 pages of the original manuscript, I found that quite a number of comments attributed to Sandilands in "The Rector and his Flock" were actually in Fulford's handwriting. I assume from the chronology of entries in the later 61 pages that there will be further attributions falling into this category.
A national Census was taken on the 6 June 1841, three weeks before Fulford's arrival in Cambridgeshire and eighteen months before the "Speculum Gregis" was started. Details from the Croydon-cum-Clopton census have been added to page entries where appropriate. Note that the ages of adults were generally rounded to the nearest five years by the census enumerator and therefore they should not be taken as a reliable indication of age.
The enumerator also reported that 26 Croydon labourers were "having left the district for the hay harvest in the neighbourhood of London", which would explain the absence of a number of the known heads of households.
I want this site to be as accurate and as informative as possible - please let me know if something is wrong, however trivial the correction. I would also welcome additional information to add to the annotated text - especially from those with 'family' in Croydon between 1840 and 1850.
In the first instance please contact the website with details.
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This site does not use cookies.