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Detail from the Last Supper stained glass window in All Saints Parish Church Croydon, in memory of Sophia Mirabella Sandilands, wife of the rector 1859 Wimpole Past Logo
Speculum Gregis 1843
'An Account of all the Inhabitants of the Parish of Croydon
in the County of Cambridgeshire commencing from 1 January 1843'
by Reverend Francis Fulford 1803-1868 (Rector at Croydon 1841-1845).
Additional notes by Reverend R S B Sandilands (Rector 1845-1864).

Pages 70 to 79 (Basic Text)

This is the basic text of the "Speculum Gregis" pages 70 to 79 inclusive as an uninterrupted transcription.

Also available is the annotated text of the same 10 pages including additional background material, family research contributions from readers, excerpts from the 1841 census, and some related photographs.


The wording used in both versions was originally a distillation of three separate transcriptions of the original hand-written text. Where the texts differed, I followed the majority unless historical evidence suggests I should do otherwise. I have subsequently transcribed the text direct from the original document so the corrected transcription used on this website (currently pages 1 to 29 inclusive) is therefore my own.

Detailed explanatory notes are given at the foot of each page.

Return to Page 69 (Basic)
Return to Page 69
(Basic Text)
Forward to Page 80
(Basic Text)
Continue to Page 80 (Basic)

Page 70

Farm on the Tadlow Road
Charles King & Emily
They were married last July 4 - she came from St Neots - her name was Cross. He is only 20 years old. He had a sister married at Croydon Church July 5 1842 to Mr Youngman of Waterbeach, now living at Arrington Mill.

Sarah Janeway another sister aged 22, lives with him and is a communicant.

Emily King was in a decline when she married, most of her family having died of that disorder. She has now been confined to her bed for many weeks. During her illness I have visited her once or twice every week.

William Warder - an aged man, sleeps on the premises by permission, having worked many years in the farm.

Jabez Chapman, son of Bathsheba Chapman (whose husband has left her, and she is living at Hatley with a man of the name of Mims) sleeps on the premises, and is a carter.

Eliza Warboys (page 26) is their servant.

[all entries above are crossed through]

RSBS: (Mr Jackson now lives here and the Kings are all dead or removed. Sarah King lives with her uncle, Mr Wenham, near Arrington Bridge and occasionally attends Croydon Church.)

Page 71

"Downing Arms" - Public House
Simons, Wife & large family
He is a bricklayer also, and a very respectable man and his wife also bears a good character.
Some of the sons are unruly. They seldom come to Croydon Church, but go, I believe, to Tadlow.

Page 72

In the Farm yard behind the "Downing Arms"
William Rayner & Ann
He works for Mr King of Tadlow. He can't read - his wife can - they mostly attend Tadlow church, they say, which is considerably nearer than Croydon.
She is a base-born daughter of Lucy Simpson (page 45).
1. William Rayner, aged 24. Works for and sleeps at Mr Jackman's - can't read. Attends Croydon Church.
2. Edward Rayner, aged 22. Works for Mr King with his father - can't read. Attends Tadlow Church.
3. Marianne Rayner, aged 17. In service at Cambridge.
4. Harriet Rayner, aged 14. In service at Cambridge.
5. Sarah Rayner, aged 12. Reads very little.
6. Elizabeth Rayner, aged 10. Reads very little.
7. Joseph Rayner, aged 7.
8. Alfred Rayner, aged 5.

Married at Croydon Church and children Christened there.

Page 73

Last Farm on the Tadlow Road
Elizth White
About 45, unmarried. Her father who was for many years churchwarden, died about last June and was buried at Tadlow. She rarely attends Croydon Church.

RSBS: (She has left the parish)

[Above entries are crossed through]

RSBS: (Later:
Mr & Mrs John King
live here now.
She is sister to Mr Ellis. He is son to Mr James King of Tadlow. She is a very pleasing, well principled young women. We used to see a good deal of her before her marriage, when she lived with her brother in the village. He also bears a very good character.
Mr John King is Overseer of the Poor this year.)

Page 74

On the Hill near Tadlow
Mary Casbourn
A widow - died in April 1846. She occupies a Farm partly in Croydon, partly in Tadlow. Is aged, and the road to her farm is scarcely passable in winter. She attends Croydon church occasionally regularly in summer and is a communicant. She has been twice married.

Christopher Lyon (page 36) sleeps on the farm and so does Alfred Pressland (page 46). She keeps two maids who attend Croydon Church occasionally, those now being with her are not natives of this parish. Their names are Elizabeth and Sarah Harper.
[Above paragraph is crossed through]

RSBS: (She is about to leave this farm; and it will be occupied by Mr Elliston or his son - who now live at Wimpole and hold another estate in Croydon. The Ellistons are very respectable people - Mr Elliston, the father, was brother to Elliston of Drury Lane.)

Page 75

George Mr Henry Mole, Wife
& 3 or 4 children.
Farmer, lately come into the parish from the neighbourhood of St Neots. They are very constant at church - seem to wish to be on friendly terms - he is Surveyor of Roads this year.

Page 76

Croydon Wilds Farm - Mr Gape's
James Law and Sarah
1. David Law, aged 11. Reads a little.
2. Martin Law, aged 7. Reads a little.
3 Philip Law, aged 5.
4. Sarah Anne Law, aged 4.
5. An infant born 14 Sept 1842.

They were married at Croydon. They are very much inclined to dissent, and neither of them attend often at Croydon Church. She, I believe, is partly prevented partly by distance and bad roads. Their children have been baptised at Bassingbourn Meeting, all except the youngest and that has not yet been taken anywhere for baptism. He is brother to John William Law (page 10).

RSBS: (James Law died about two years since.)

Page 77

Next door farm
William Wilkins and Sarah
They were bred as Baptists. He is first cousin to Mrs Jackson. Neither he nor his wife often attend Croydon Church, but the boys come most Sundays.
1. Ivatt Wilkins, aged 21. Works as a Miller at Sandy.
2. Susan Wilkins, aged 16.
3. John Wilkins, aged 13.
4. David Wilkins, aged 10.
5. Henry Wilkins, aged 8.
6. James Wilkins, aged 6.
7. Sarah Anne Wilkins, aged 5
8. Jane Wilkins, aged 4.
9. Marianne Wilkins, aged 4 months.
The children, I believe, were all baptised at Eversden Meeting.

John Blowes sleeps on the premises as Horsekeeper.
[Above sentence is crossed through]

Wilkins acts as gamekeeper for Mr Gape.

Page 78

Widow Larkins
Rather deaf - a very respectable person. Goes out as Nurse, is an excellent cook and has lived as housekeeper to Mrs Yorke.

She has
One son, a very wild one.
One daughter married to Simons, the bricklayer's eldest son.
Two daughters unmarried and both in service.

RSBS: (She now lives in the farm lately occupied by Mr Jackson.)

Simons, Wife & 3 children
Bricklayer - son of the man at the "Downing Arms". His wife a shocking dawdle and bad health. He is a civil man, but said to like sitting in a public house much better than at home.

RSBS: (His wife is said to be in fault. She is daughter of Widow Larkins above.)

Page 79

Edward Thomas & Maria (dead)

He can read a little, works for Mr Pearman, is son to Widow Thomas (page 17). She can read. She is of a querulous disposition. They are very regular at Church.
1. Edward Thomas, aged 4. Christened at Croydon Church.
2. William Thomas, aged 7 months. Christened at Croydon Church.

Edward Thomas has been laid up for near two years with swellings and ulcers, supposed to be the effects of bad typhus fever - of which also his wife died.

RSBS: (He is now bedridden, has received the sacrament. I have attended him for a long time. His brother lives with him. she is of a querulous disposition.)

RSBS: (Later note: Edward Thomas died in October, and his Mother and children are about to be moved out, and the Lowrings from the Brick Kilns are going into the house.)

Return to Page 69 (Basic)
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(Basic Text)
Forward to Page 80
(Basic Text)
Continue to Page 80 (Basic)
Explanatory Notes:
Fulford generally devoted one page to each property; and I have retained his page numbers as serials for the entries. Crossings out shown are as in the original document. Information, footnotes and commentary additional to the original "Speculum Gregis" texts are shown as [grey text in square brackets].
In the pages of the original "Speculum Gregis", two handwritings are apparent, that of Francis Fulford (entries from 1843 to 1845) and that of his successor, the Rev Sandilands (entries from 1845 to 1848). The notes by the Rev Sandilands have been shown in this online edition as RSBS: (dark blue text within round brackets) and sometimes identified as a later entry.
However, having taken the opportunity to check the first 30 pages of the original manuscript, I found that quite a number of comments attributed to Sandilands in "The Rector and his Flock" were actually in Fulford's handwriting. I assume from the chronology of entries in the later 61 pages that there will be further attributions falling into this category.
A national Census was taken on the 6 June 1841, three weeks before Fulford's arrival in Cambridgeshire and eighteen months before the "Speculum Gregis" was started. Details from the Croydon-cum-Clopton census have been added to page entries where appropriate. Note that the ages of adults were generally rounded to the nearest five years by the census enumerator and therefore they should not be taken as a reliable indication of age.
The enumerator also reported that 26 Croydon labourers were "having left the district for the hay harvest in the neighbourhood of London", which would explain the absence of a number of the known heads of households.
I want this site to be as accurate and as informative as possible - please let me know if something is wrong, however trivial the correction. I would also welcome additional information to add to the annotated text - especially from those with 'family' in Croydon between 1840 and 1850.
In the first instance please contact the website with details.
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