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Detail from the Last Supper stained glass window in All Saints Parish Church Croydon, in memory of Sophia Mirabella Sandilands, wife of the rector 1859 Wimpole Past Logo
Speculum Gregis 1843
'An Account of all the Inhabitants of the Parish of Croydon
in the County of Cambridgeshire commencing from 1 January 1843'
by Reverend Francis Fulford 1803-1868 (Rector at Croydon 1841-1845).
Additional notes by Reverend R S B Sandilands (Rector 1845-1864).

Pages 40 to 49 (Basic Text)

This is the basic text of the "Speculum Gregis" pages 40 to 49 inclusive as an uninterrupted transcription.

Also available is the annotated text of the same 10 pages including additional background material, family research contributions from readers, excerpts from the 1841 census, and some related photographs.


The wording used in both versions was originally a distillation of three separate transcriptions of the original hand-written text. Where the texts differed, I followed the majority unless historical evidence suggests I should do otherwise. I have subsequently transcribed the text direct from the original document so the corrected transcription used on this website (currently pages 1 to 29 inclusive) is therefore my own.

Detailed explanatory notes are given at the foot of each page.

Return to Page 39 (Basic)
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(Basic Text)
Forward to Page 50
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Continue to Page 50 (Basic)
Next house up the village to Hopkins
William Chapman Law and Anne
They can both read. He works for Mr Haydon. They have two daughters married out of the parish. They belong to Arrington. He generally attends Eversden meetings, and she Wendy Church. She is the most extraordinary talking old woman in the parish.
RSBS: (Both her daughters are dead. She and her husband are very steady, honest old people, formerly Dissenters, and now of that cast of mind.)
James Bartle
An old man, father of Samuel who now keeps the "Carpenters Arms". A Communicant, and a very good old man, I believe. Can read.
There is a prayer meeting held in his house, which has been purchased by Mr Hopkins of Bassingbourn, an Independent.
Next door
William Newman and Mary
Can't read, either of them. He is working for Mr King of Tadlow at Hatley. He is a very quiet and respectable man. She is of a most violent temper. He left her for three or four years some time on account of her temper. They were married at Wendy and children Christened there. Kezia Law and Harriet Greaves are her sisters; he has been in the habit of attending Eversden Meeting, and is a decided dissenter, but comes occasionally now and then to Church. She attends Church.
1. Charlotte Newman, aged 13.
2. Richard Newman, aged 10. In the Sunday school.
3. William Newman, aged 3.
4. Jane Anne, aged 2 months.

RSBS: (5. unbaptised)
Lives with them
Mary Howard
Mother of William Newman by her first husband. She goes out nursing, is a very straightforward respectable woman, attends Church at Croydon when at home. (see next page)
Charles Titmus and Mary
He can't read, works for Mr Elliston. She can.
1. Simeon Titmus, aged 14. Has worked for us, is steady, but very slow and dirty in his work. Attends Sunday school.
2. James Titmus, (aged 11). Attends Sunday school.
3. Mary Titmus (aged 8).
4. Anne Titmus, (aged 5).
5. Charles Titmus (aged 2).
They both attend Church. He is brother to Simeon Titmus (page 9).
These parties now live at the Limekilns [page 54] where Easy used to live before he went to Canada.
[Above entry completely crossed through]
Live in the same house
Charles Titmus and Kitty
Father and mother of Charles above, also of Simeon and Mary Newman, widow. Attend Church. He is a very quiet old man. She goes out nursing and is a great talker.
RSBS: (Kitty died in 1846, having been taken ill whilst gleaning, since which Charles has become a communicant.)
RSBS: (Mary Howard (see preceding page) owns this house and now resides in it when not nursing.)
Robert Gates and Charlotte
He can't read, works for Mr George. She can read. She goes with a horse and cart to Cambridge as a carrier. They none of them come to Church scarcely ever - and are but irregular livers.
1. William Gates, aged 24. Can't read, works for Mr Elliston. (Lately married to a Tadlow girl.)
2. James Gates, aged 21. Can't read. Married.
3. Maria Gates, aged 9. In the Sunday school.
RSBS: (James was married to Mary Lyon (page 36) 30th January 1843 and they are to live at Christopher Gates, all live together. No children in either of the son's families yet.)
RSBS: (Later: Robert Gates a steady man, a good workman - wife said to drink.)
Mary Warman
Her husband was transported for 7 years about 10 years ago, and she has not heard of him for several years. She goes out as a charwoman, and comes to the Rectory as a washerwoman. She is very constant at Church.
1. Elizabeth Warman, aged 12. In the Sunday school. Fetches our letters.
[Above entry completely crossed through]
RSBS: (Married and gone to Bourn. Her name is Sampson now.)
In the same house.
Lucy Simpson
Unmarried, aged woman. Has has several baseborn children, is very ignorant, never seldom comes to Church.
RSBS: (Lodges elsewhere now.)
In the same house
Sarah Warden
Aged single woman. Has had some baseborn children. Used to be very regular at church. Has not been lately.
RSBS: (Passes for a witch.)
RSBS: (is in the Workhouse)
RSBS: (Now dead.)
[Above entry completely crossed through]
RSBS: (This house has been pulled down.)
Next door
John Presland and Mary
Can both read. He works for Mr Jackson. Attend church constantly - children all Christened in Croydon Church.
1. Alfred Presland, aged 14. Works for Mrs Casbourn.
2. Tamar Presland, aged 12. In the Sunday School.
3. William Presland, aged 9. In the Sunday School.
4. Rhoda Presland, aged 7. In the Sunday School.
5. Emily Presland, aged 5.
6. James Presland, aged 2.
[Above entry completely crossed through]
RSBS: (Gone to Australia with his family.)
RSBS: (The Graves's mentioned page 18 live here now, having purchased the lease of the house.)
Next door
Samuel Presland and Mary
Can both read. He works for Mr Ellis. They attend Church constantly tolerably.
1. Susan Presland, aged 1 year - Christened in Croydon Church.
RSBS: (They have 2 more children now.)
Lives in the same house.
James Miller
Her father, a cripple with rheumatism. He belongs to Arrington, was formerly a post-boy at the "Hardwicke Arms", comes up to Church occasionally, is very ignorant. Lady Hardwicke generally gives him a Xmas present.
RSBS: (He died in 1847, and I buried him in Arrington churchyard. R.S.B.S.)
William Miller
Can both read. He works for Mr Haydon. They attend Church.
RSBS: (& Ann is dead)
Live in the same house
John Miller and Lydia
He is son of the above and can read. She is daughter of William Hill (page 24). She can't read. They were married in Croydon in the Autumn 1842.
1. William Miller, aged 2 months - Christened in Croydon Church.
RSBS: (They have another child.)
RSBS: (Later note: He is just sent to prison for a month, for leaving his family in the summer in search of work. I think it was rather a hard case.)
Thomas Worland and Elizabeth
He can read. She can read and write. Married at Wimpole, and Christened there, except two youngest at Croydon. Not very regular at Church.

1. William Worland, aged 14. In the Sunday school.
2. Elizabeth Worland, aged 10.
3. Emma Worland, aged 7.
4. Susan Worland, aged 4.

Lydia, an elder daughter, came home from service the beginning of February 1843, about which time all the rest of the above, and the Hills (underneath) went into Caxton Workhouse, leaving her alone in the house with Badcock.
RSBS: (The eldest daughter married one of the Hills , and is gone to Canada . The rest of the family are now at home. They are very bad managers, always in rags and wanting. Lydia is dead.)
In the same house
Thomas Hill and Anne
He can't read, and is son of William Hill (page 24). She can read a little, and is daughter of the above.
1. William Ilot Hill, aged 2 months - Christened at Croydon.
[Above entry completely crossed through]
RSBS: (Gone to Canada.)
Lodges in the same house
Kezia Badcock
A single friendly woman aged about 35.
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Forward to Page 50
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Explanatory Notes:
Fulford generally devoted one page to each property; and I have retained his page numbers as serials for the entries. Crossings out shown are as in the original document. Information, footnotes and commentary additional to the original "Speculum Gregis" texts are shown as [grey text in square brackets].
In the pages of the original "Speculum Gregis", two handwritings are apparent, that of Francis Fulford (entries from 1843 to 1845) and that of his successor, the Rev Sandilands (entries from 1845 to 1848). The notes by the Rev Sandilands have been shown in this online edition as RSBS: (dark blue text within round brackets) and sometimes identified as a later entry.
However, having taken the opportunity to check the first 30 pages of the original manuscript, I found that quite a number of comments attributed to Sandilands in "The Rector and his Flock" were actually in Fulford's handwriting. I assume from the chronology of entries in the later 61 pages that there will be further attributions falling into this category.
A national Census was taken on the 6 June 1841, three weeks before Fulford's arrival in Cambridgeshire and eighteen months before the "Speculum Gregis" was started. Details from the Croydon-cum-Clopton census have been added to page entries where appropriate. Note that the ages of adults were generally rounded to the nearest five years by the census enumerator and therefore they should not be taken as a reliable indication of age.
The enumerator also reported that 26 Croydon labourers were "having left the district for the hay harvest in the neighbourhood of London", which would explain the absence of a number of the known heads of households.
I want this site to be as accurate and as informative as possible - please let me know if something is wrong, however trivial the correction. I would also welcome additional information to add to the annotated text - especially from those with 'family' in Croydon between 1840 and 1850.
In the first instance please contact the website with details.
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