search tips advanced search
Detail from the Last Supper stained glass window in All Saints Parish Church Croydon, in memory of Sophia Mirabella Sandilands, wife of the rector 1859 Wimpole Past Logo
Speculum Gregis 1843
'An Account of all the Inhabitants of the Parish of Croydon
in the County of Cambridgeshire commencing from 1 January 1843'
by Reverend Francis Fulford 1803-1868 (Rector at Croydon 1841-1845).
Additional notes by Reverend R S B Sandilands (Rector 1845-1864).
Pages 20 to 29 (Basic Text)
This is the basic text of the "Speculum Gregis" pages 20 to 29 inclusive as an uninterrupted transcription.
Also available is the annotated text of the same 10 pages including additional background material, family research contributions from readers, excerpts from the 1841 census, and some related photographs.
The wording used in both versions was originally a distillation of three separate transcriptions of the original hand-written text. Where the texts differed, I followed the majority unless historical evidence suggests I should do otherwise. I have subsequently transcribed the text direct from the original document so the corrected transcription used on this website (currently pages 1 to 29 inclusive) is therefore my own.
Detailed explanatory notes are given at the foot of each page.
  Back to Pages 10 to 19 (Basic Text) Pages: 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29  
20 Page 20
Next door.
William and Mary Seaboy
He can't read. He works for Mr Pearman. She can [read] a little. They have no kindred here, were married at Ashwell where the eldest children were Christened; the three youngest in Croydon Church. He was a widower, she a widow before, and she has two daughters by her first husband out at service. They seldom attend Church and are not very tidy or respectable people - drink.
   1. George Seaboy, aged 15. Works for Mr Pearman. In the Sunday School.
   2. William Seaboy, aged 13. Works for Mr Haydon. In the Sunday School.
   3. Edward Seaboy, aged 11. Works for Mr Pearman. In the Sunday School.
   4. Sarah Seaboy, aged 6.
   5. Eliza Seaboy, aged 3.
   6. Abraham Seaboy, aged 1.
They are about to move up to the Lime Kilns to Lowring's house.
One of her daughters by the first husband is now at home with a bastard child.
The house belongs to Rule Miller, and Jabez Chapman and family are come to live with him in the room of the Seaboys.
Lodges here.
Rule Miller
A bad and drunken fellow

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
21 Page 21
Next door.
Joseph and Honor Wootton

He can't read, works for Mr Ellis. She can.
   1. George Wootton, aged 18. Reads very little. Married.
   2. Thomas Wootton, aged 15. Can read.
   3. Naomi Wootton, aged 12. Can read and is in the Sunday School.
They were married at Orwell. Their children were Christened at Croydon. They have buried two children since last February, viz Eliza, March 15, and Ebenezer, June 21 1842. They are very respectable people and attend Church very regularly. She keeps a shop - and rather talkative and inclined to dissent.

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
22 Page 22
Next door.
John and Sarah Hilott
Reads a little. He works for Mr Wilkins. She can read. She is cousin to Ann Pearce. He is brother to Anne Hill and Bathsheba Chapman who is now gone to live at Hatley.
   1. Thomas Hilott, aged 21. Works for Mr Wilkins.
   2. John Hilott, aged 19. Works for Mr Law.
   3. Eliza Hilott, aged 15. She was in the Sunday School but has lately left it. A steady girl.
   4. Joseph Hilott, aged 5.
They were married in Croydon Church, and their children baptised here, and they attend Church. They do not bear the best character for honesty, and the young people are wild.
RSBS: (Thomas has since married.)

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
23 Page 23
Next door.
William and Mary Payne
Can't read, works for Mr Ellis. Can read a little. She is daughter of John and Bathsheba Hagger (page 10). They attend church. She is a good needlewoman, and we have her often to work in the house.
   1. Alfred Payne, 2 months old, Christened in Croydon Church.
Lodge in the same house.
Thomas and Julia Payne
Father and mother of William. They can't read. He works for Mr Ellis. They both attend Church. She is an odd woman and a great gossip.
Also have another son, James a widower not resident in Croydon.

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
24 Page 24
Next door.
William and Anne Hill
He is was clerk in Wendy Church. She can read very little. He works for Mr Ellis. She hardly ever attends Church - and their family is very disorderly. Lydia Miller (page 48) is their daughter.
   1. John Hill, aged 24. Can read.
   2. Samuel Hill, aged 15. A very idle boy, reads very little indeed. In the Sunday school.
   3. Mary Hill, aged 13. In the Sunday school.
   4. Rebecca Hill, aged 10. In the Sunday school.
They were married, and all their children Christened in Croydon Church - she is sister to John Hilot.
John is gone to Canada - William Hill bears a good character. An elder son of William and Anne Hill is just returned from abroad, discharged from the Army blind of the eye.
RSBS: (His name is Ilott, and he is since married, in November 1848, to Susan Warboys, a widow.)

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
25 Page 25
Next door.
Samuel and Kitty German (alias Lyon)
He can read, is a carpenter, has worked generally for Mr Carter. She can read a very little. He attends Church tolerably, she but seldom. She is not a very straightforward person in what she says.
   1. Sarah German, aged 25. Can read. Has a base-born child one month old. Abraham Pearman is said to be the father.
RSBS: (Sarah is a dressmaker. I have not heard anything against her since the above occurrence.)

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
26 Page 26
Next door.
James and Susan Warboys
He can read a very little. She reads a little. He works for Mr Lilly at Hatley. They attend Croydon Church.
   1. Eliza Warboys, aged 18. In service at Mr C Kings. Reads very little.
   2. Mary Warboys, aged 14. Rather silly.
   3. Hannah Warboys, aged 12. In the Sunday School.
   4. James Warboys, aged 11. In the Sunday School.
   5. Charles Warboys, aged 6.
   6. Alfred Warboys, aged 2.
Eliza is married to Jabez Chapman, and they all live together. Gone to live with Rule Miller.
Mary is dead. Hannah is very steady, learning dressmaking at Potton. Susan Warboys herself is a respectable, well spoken woman, and I believe the man is steady.
RSBS: (James Warboys died in the summer of 1846 and the widow is married to Ilott (see page 24).)

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
27 Page 27
Next door.
Sarah Lyon
Widow. Can't read. She is a carrier to Royston and Cambridge.
   1. Mary Lyon, aged 19. Can't read, laid up with a bad leg.
   2. Robert Lyon, aged 21.
   3. William Lyon, aged 15.
   4. Joseph Lyon, aged 10. In the Sunday School.
She herself has a tolerable character, but all the rest of the family are very disreputable and wild. All the children Christened in Croydon Church. None of them attend Church, or but rarely. She does our carrying business.
In the same house
James and Mary Lyon
Son of the above. Can read. Nobody knows how he lives. He is just returned from prison where he has been confined for poaching etc.
   1. Levi Lyon, aged 5. Has been christened.
   2. Emily Lyon, aged 1. Has not.
He has taken out a game certificate this year!!
RSBS: (Sent again to prison in July 1847 for one and half years for carrying lead that had been stolen from Wimpole Mansion.)
In the same house.
Robert Lyon
Aged and infirm.

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
28 Page 28
Next door.
Thomas Pestill
A shoemaker. A woman of the name of Lyon lives with him - not his wife. She is a Wimpole woman, and relative to the Lyons next door. He has a wife. I have remonstrated with him. I presented him at the Visitation, but without any effect.

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
29 Page 29
Next door.
Thomas Nash
A widower. His wifewas a gipsy and they used until very recently to live in a tent in a lane towards Hatley. He can't read.
   1. Emily Nash, aged 17. Can read a little.
   2. Isabel Nash. At the Sunday School.
   3. Henry Nash.
Emily is not a very steady girl and their home is the most destitute, comfortless place.
RSBS: (Thomas Hilott , wife and child live here now - since he married and he is become a steady man.)

[Above transcription corrected against original
document on 28 August 2008]
  Annotated Page  
The Speculum Gregis continues here  
Explanatory Notes:
Fulford generally devoted one page to each property; and I have retained his page numbers as serials for the entries. Crossings out shown are as in the original document. Information, footnotes and commentary additional to the original "Speculum Gregis" texts are shown as [grey text in square brackets].
In the pages of the original "Speculum Gregis", two handwritings are apparent, that of Francis Fulford (entries from 1843 to 1845) and that of his successor, the Rev Sandilands (entries from 1845 to 1848). The notes by the Rev Sandilands have been shown in this online edition as RSBS: (dark blue text within round brackets) and sometimes identified as a later entry.
However, having taken the opportunity to check the first 30 pages of the original manuscript, I found that quite a number of comments attributed to Sandilands in "The Rector and his Flock" were actually in Fulford's handwriting. I assume from the chronology of entries in the later 61 pages that there will be further attributions falling into this category.
A national Census was taken on the 6 June 1841, three weeks before Fulford's arrival in Cambridgeshire and eighteen months before the "Speculum Gregis" was started. Details from the Croydon-cum-Clopton census have been added to page entries where appropriate. Note that the ages of adults were generally rounded to the nearest five years by the census enumerator and therefore they should not be taken as a reliable indication of age.
The enumerator also reported that 26 Croydon labourers were "having left the district for the hay harvest in the neighbourhood of London", which would explain the absence of a number of the known heads of households.
I want this site to be as accurate and as informative as possible - please let me know if something is wrong, however trivial the correction. I would also welcome additional information to add to the annotated text - especially from those with 'family' in Croydon between 1840 and 1850.
In the first instance please contact the website with details.
© Copyright Steve Odell and the WimpolePast website 2002-2021. Website security
- Contact the Website here.
- All information on this web site is supplied in good faith.
- No responsibility can be taken for errors or omissions.
- This site does not use cookies.

This page was last updated on: 11 March 2021.
Page rebuilt 11 March 2021.