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A local history and genealogy site for Wimpole, a village and parish in South Cambridgeshire.
Curated by Steve Odell.

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Orwell Census 1901 - New Orwell
Cambridge Road.
Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road known as 'New Orwell' is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.

New Orwell, Cambridge Road c1910
New Orwell, Cambridge Road, c1910
Looking westwards, Brewery Cottages on the left (south) were in 'New Orwell', in the Parish of Orwell.
The houses on the right (north) were in 'New Wimpole', in the Parish of Wimpole.


The 1901 Census for Orwell, Cambridgeshire.
Reference: Ref. RG13/1521 (with acknowledgement to the Public Record Office)
Date of Census: 31 March 1901
There is a national Census every ten years when the year ends in a one. This page details the population of the Parish of Orwell on the night of 31 March 1901 (the list include children and visitors from outside the parish in temporary residence within Orwell on the date of the census).
My thanks and acknowledgements to the 'census team' who provided the documentation and who typed and checked the various page transcripts. Particular thanks to Mike Giddings, Susan Giddings, Alexandra Morton and John Parkins for all their help, assistance and encouragement.
Columns (left to right):
   1. Name.
   2. Relation to Head of Household.
   3. Married, Widow, Widowed or Single.
   4. Age.
   5. Occupation.
   6. Place of Birth.
The house numbers shown below were those used in 1901 and therefore unlikely to relate to present day postal addresses.
[Information, notes and comments additional to the 1901 Census are generally shown italicised within square brackets]
I would be pleased to hear from you if you can offer any additional genealogical or family information relevant to this page, especially if you possess old photographs that could be added to this site for those who follow. Please use the site's Contact Page in the first instance.

Census Records (Parish of Orwell):
Census 1881: Part One Part Two Part Three New Orwell [2]
Census 1891: Part One Part Two Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1901: Part One [1] Part Two [1] Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
[1] These pages are being rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings remain available for reference during the rebuilding.
[2] Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, much of the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road, previously known as 'New Orwell', is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] The 1881 Orwell Census is rebuilt and complete as are all three 'New Orwell' pages.

Continued from 1901 Part Three

Cambridge Road, New Orwell c1905
Schedule 129 to 138 (left to right)

Heads No 15 (No 17) No 19 No 21 No 23 No 25 No 27 No 29 No 31 (No 33)
1881: Newell - Miller Arthur Rayner Charter Hagger Barker Wilkins Wilkins
1891: Walker Matthews Miller Arthur Rayner Charter Hagger Barker Wilkins Wilkins
1901: Wilkins Reed Wilkins Rodwell Rayner Taylor Bullen Wilkins Wilkins Rule
1911: Brotherton - Knight Scott Rayner Pearson Heaton Ferguson Freestone Williams

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 129)
Edward WILKINS Head [4] M 30 Worker, Horsekeeper Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Lily WILKINS Wife M 31   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Henry WILKINS Son   9   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Percy WILKINS Son   6   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Oswold WILKINS Son   3   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Ida WILKINS Daughter   1   Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this end-terrace cottage was built by 1840 and pre-dates the later c1876 terrace by some 35 years. It was originally built as a stand-alone semi-detached cottage.
[2] Now a private residence at modern postal address 15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881: Oliver Newell (Blacksmith); 1891: Abraham Walker (Blacksmith); 1901 Census: Edward Wilkins; 1911 Census: F Brotherton.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 130)
William S REED [4] Head [5] M 33 Agricultural Labourer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Sarah A REED [4] Wife M 44   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the middle of the three 'lower' terrace cottages. It was built no later than 1840 as one of a pair of semi-detached cottages and pre-dates the later c1876 terrace by some 35 years.
[2] Now a private residence with a theoretical modern postal address of 17 Cambridge Road, Wimpole. In practice, the cottage has been combined internally with 15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole and this is the modern postal address now used.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] William Stacey Reed married Sarah Ann Spacksman at Wimpole Parish Church on 28 October 1899.
[5] Heads: 1881 Census: (probably) Oliver Newell; 1891 Census: William Matthews; 1901 Census: William Reed; 1911 Census: (probably) F Brotherton.


Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [19 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 131)
Henry WILKINS Head [4] M 38 Groom Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Emily A WILKINS Wife M 34   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Hilda M WILKINS Daughter   10   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the last of the three 'lower' terrace cottages. This terrace cottage was built after the original semi-detached cottages at schedule 129 and 130 above (built either as an simple addition or as a later infill development) but it probably pre-dates the c1876 terrace.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 19 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: Joseph Miller; 1891 Census: Joseph Miller; 1901 Census: Henry Wilkins; 1911 Census: J W Knight.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [21 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 132)
George RODWELL Head M 33 Gardener Domestic Peasenhill, Suffolk
Kate RODWELL Wife M 33   Godalming, Surrey

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the first of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 21 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: Allen Arthur; 1891 Census: Allen Arthur; 1901 Census: George Rodwell; 1911 Census: J Scott.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][4][5] [23 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 133)
Robert H RAYNER [2] Head [6] M 52 Labourer in Garden Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Martha RAYNER [2][3] Wife M 48 Grocer General, own a/c working at home. Croydon, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the second of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
(2) Robert Henry Rayner married Martha Law at Arrington on 12 November 1873.
(3) For some years this property was the Wimpole village shop run by Martha Rayner in her front parlour. Look at the centre of the image above, and you can identify the shop by the small name board above the ground floor window.
[4] Now a private residence with modern postal address 23 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[5] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[6] Previous Heads: 1881 Census: Robert H Rayner; 1901 Census: Robert H Rayner; 1901 Census Robert H Rayner; 1911 Census: Robert H Rayner.


Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][3][4] [25 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 134)
Arthur E TAYLOR [2] Head [5] M 29 Horsekeeper Watlington, Norfolk
Sarah J TAYLOR [2] Wife M 27   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the third of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
(2) Arthur Edward Taylor married Sarah Jane Payne at Arrington on the 26 December 1898.
[3] Now a private residence with modern postal address 25 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[4] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[5] Heads: 1881 Census: John Charter; 1891 Census: John Charter; 1901 Census: Arthur Taylor; 1911 Census: E Pearson,


Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [27 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 135)
David BULLEN [4][6] Head [7] M 33 Ordinary Labourer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Mary A BULLEN [4][6] Wife M 30   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
John BULLEN (5) Son   2   Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the fourth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 27 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
(4) David Bullen, 30, labourer, married Mary Ann Clarke, in Wimpole Parish Church on 29 April 1897.
(5) John Bullen, baptised at Wimpole on 5 May 1899.
(6) David died 14 May 1936, aged 69, Mary died 29 April 1939, also aged 69, both at Arrington Almshouses.
[7] Heads: 1881 Census: William Hagger; 1891 Census: William Hagger; 1901 Census: David Bullen; 1911 Census: J Heaton.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [29 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 136)
William WILKINS Head [4] M 35 Horse Keeper Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Selina WILKINS Wife M 33   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
George WILKINS Son   13 Plough Boy Orwell, Cambridgeshire
William WILKINS Son   12   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Sidney WILKINS Son   9   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Edward WILKINS Son   7   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Arthur WILKINS Son   5   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Ellen WILKINS Daughter   3   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Reginald WILKINS Son   2   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Albert WILKINS Son   3m   Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the fifth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 29 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: James Barker; 1891 Census: James Barker; 1901 Census: William Wilkins; 1911 Census: A Ferguson.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 137)
Rebecca WILKINS [4] Head [5] W 65   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur WILKINS Son S 26 Ordinary Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ralph WILKINS Son S 22 Horse Keeper Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the sixth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence. However, the front door of this original cottage has been blocked off and the interior combined with Schedule 138 (below). The combined property uses 31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, as the modern postal address.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Edward Wilkins married Rebecca Smith at Arrington on 13 October 1857.
[5] Heads: 1881 Census: Edward Wilkins; 1891 Census: Edward Wilkins (husband of above); 1901 Census: Rebecca Wilkins; 1911 Census: W Freestone.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 138)
Charles J [C] RULE [4][5] Head [6] M 39 Cement Packer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Mary A RULE [5] Wife M 37   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Else G RULE Daughter   10   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving east to west (from left to right viewed from the road) this is the last of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence incorporating much of Schedule 137 (above). The theoretical number for this property should be (and might have been at some point) No 33 but a previous owner kept the number sequence intact and adopted 31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, as the modern postal address for the combined dwelling. Number 33 has since been re-used for a recently built property (c2014).
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Charles John Clarke Rule was baptised at Wimpole 12 October 1862. Mother given as Emily (Emma) Rule. No father was listed. Note 'Clarke' in given baptismal name. Emily (Emma) Rule married Samuel Clark(e) a year later at Wimpole Parish Church (14 October 1863).
(5) Charles John Clarke Rule (assumed to be the natural son of Samuel Clarke) married Mary Ann Goats at Wimpole on 3rd May 1888.
[6] Heads: 1881 Census: John Wilkins; 1891 Census: John Wilkins; 1901 Census: Charles Rule; 1911 Census: E G Williams-Vicary.
[7] I have an image in my head of Charles and Mary looking over my left shoulder as I type. They are both uncomprehending and rather frightened of the 'tech' but they are nodding occasionally in general approval at being remembered. I am typing this in what used to be their front parlour.

"Oatlands", New Orwell 1922
Schedule 139 (below)

"Oatlands" House and Estate
Cambridge Road
, New Orwell.
[1][2][3] ['Orwell Grange', Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 139)
Philip MEYER [4] Head [6] S 72 Retired Brewer & Farmer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur H MEYER [4] Brother S 66 Retired Brewer & Farmer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Hannah BONNET Sister W 73   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
John BONNET Visitor S 50 Solicitor Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Harriet BONNET   S 59   Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Florence COLLIN Servant S 21 Parlour Maid, Domestic Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Martha CHILDERLEY Servant S 16 Housemaid, Domestic Longstowe, Cambridgeshire

[1] The house and estate belonging to local brewers and farmers Philip and Arthur Meyer. The house was built c1876 behind the new brewery and originally named "Oatlands" after a nearby field. It was later renamed "Orwell Grange".
[2] Now a private residence with the modern postal address "'Orwell Grange', Cambridge Road Wimpole."
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property and the estate is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
(4) Philip (1829-1910) and Arthur Hugh Meyer (1835-1909) were brothers, born in Arrington to parents James Hugh Meyer (maltster and innkeeper) and Hannah Haydon.
(5) David Miller has a page on the Orwell Brewery which includes some of the history of "Oatlands" on the Orwell Past and Present website. See also The Old Brewery Building 1908-1918 page on this site for additional information.
(6) Previous Heads: 1881 Census: Philip Meyer. 1891 Census: Philip Meyer.


'Foreman's House'
Cambridge Road
, New Orwell.
[1][2][3][4] [Original c1876 building demolished][Now 'Brewery House', 37 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.]
(Schedule ---)
Not identified in 1901 Census.

[1] The 'Foreman's House' was originally built c1876 as accommodation for the Foreman of the new brewery. I'm unsure if it was lived in very much. The building was not listed as residential or occupied in the census for either 1881 or 1891. In 1908 it was still described as being the Foreman's House in a promotional brochure but a 1922 plan shows just a small garage on the site. The area remained cleared for some decades and in 1954 an aerial photograph shows the site being used for animal husbandry. In the 1980s, a new house was built on the site of the Foreman's House (No 37 Cambridge Road) and another (No 35 Cambridge Road) built on the site of the old Brewery building.
[2] The 'Foreman's House' can be glimpsed through the trees beyond the end of the terrace in the image at the top of this page.
[3] A modern-built private residence now occupies the Foreman's House site fronting the main road with postal address "Brewery House, 37 Cambridge Road, Wimpole".
[4] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this site became part of the Parish of Wimpole.

Manager's House
Cambridge Road
, New Orwell.
[1][2][3] ['Rose Villa', 39 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule ---)
UNOCCUPIED on date of Census.

[1] This was the 'Manager's House', built c1876 by the Meyer brothers as accommodation for the Manager at their new brewery next door.
[2] Now a private residence named "Rose Villa" with modern postal address 39 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: James Smith; 1891 Census: James Smith (Brewer); 1901 Census: Unoccupied; 1911 Census: George Rowark (Engineer's Manager).

'The Queen Victoria', New Orwell, c1905
"The Queen Victoria", Cambridge Road, New Orwell c1905
Schedule 140 (below).

"The Queen Victoria" (P.H.)
Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2] [Building demolished c1950s]
(Schedule 140)
Oliver NEWELL [3] Head M 56 Blacksmith Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Martha NEWELL Wife M 54 - Guilden Morden, Cambs
William [George] NEWELL [4] Son S 24 Blacksmith Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Richard NEWELL Son S 22 Blacksmith Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Jessie NEWELL Daughter S 14 - Orwell, Cambridgeshire
James WALKER Lodger S 13 - Guilden Morden, Cambs.

[1] "The Queen Victoria" tavern, was said to have been named to honour Queen Victoria's visit to Wimpole in 1843. It sold "Fine Royston Ales" in 1905. I don't know the date the 'Queen Vic' was demolished but the 'Orwell Past and Present' website says "'The Queen Victoria' was still serving customers into the 1950s." Later the site became 'Majestic Motors' (garage and a famous bus-stop) which was demolished in turn around 2005. Now the site of modern housing along Cambridge Road.
[2] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this site is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] Oliver Newell was the local blacksmith for many years. His forge and smithy was alongside cottage (Schedule 129 above) at the eastern end of Brewery cottages.
(4) Son William George Newell, Wimpole garage proprietor and cricketer, died 19 March 1967, aged 91, is buried in Wimpole Churchyard together with schoolmistress wife Katherine Elizabeth Newell, who died 1 September 1959, aged 73.
(5) The postcard image of 'The Queen Victoria' used above was a contribution from Brenda and Michael Skinner (2014).

"Fox and Hounds" (P.H.)
Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2] ['Foxhounds', 71 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 141)
Arthur W TURRELL [3][4]
Head M 28 Innkeeper Publican Croydon, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth A TURRELL [4] Wife M 32 - Frampton, Lincolnshire
Annie F[lorence] TURRELL Daughter 3 - Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Ethel E[mily] TURRELL Daughter 1 - Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this site is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 'Foxhounds', 71 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] Arthur William Turrell, born 1873, was the son of William and Ellen Turrell of Croydon, Cambridgeshire. He died aged 82 in Cambridge in 1952.
[4] Arthur William Turrell and Elizabeth Ann Young married at Boston, Lincolnshire in 1897.
[5] Heads: 1881 Census: George Pedley; 1891 Census: George Pedley; 1901 Census: Arthur W Turrell; 1911 Census: Joseph Jennings.

End of the the 1901 Census for the Parish of Orwell.

Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.

Orwell Parish Church c1905
Orwell Parish Church c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.


This page was last updated on: 06 September 2019.


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