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The Orwell Chronicles 1770-1899. Part One
Compiled by Jeffrey Barham. Transcribed by Susan Giddings
Extracts from the 'Cambridge Chronicle' and the 'University Journal'.
Occasional entries from the 'Cambridge Independent Press' (CIP after date).
Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.

The Orwell Chronicles 1770-1899.
Part One: 1770-1884      Part Two: 1885-1899

14 July 1770
Orwell - Robbery - On Saturday night about 12 o'clock, two villains went to the house of Richard Russell, who keeps the 'Bull' at Orwell, in this county, who happened to be abroad on business; and by counterfeiting his voice, decoyed his wife down to let them in; on her opening the door one of them knocked her down, where she lay senseless while he went upstairs and ransacked the drawers, &c. from whence he took about 10 1s [?] in cash, a large damask tablecloth and a diaper one, five napkins, five shifts, some caps, aprons and handkerchiefs, a black silk fringed handkerchief, some children's petticoats and linen, two silver spoons marked E.U. and a gold ring, which they tore from Mrs Russell's finger, with this motto, 'As God decreed, so we agreed': all which they carried clear off. The other man stayed below stairs to prevent Mrs Russell from making a noise, if she should recover herself - There was only a girl about 14 years old besides in the house, who they threatened to murder if she made the least disturbance - The person who committed the robbery was a tall black man, and wore a ragged drab coloured coat, and they are both suspected to be of the strolling gypsy kind, as several of that sort were observed to lurk about the village, some of them had drank at the said Russells.

22 April 1775
Orwell - Fire - On Saturday morning about 2 o'clock, a fire broke out at Orwell, which burnt furiously for about three hours, and consumed a large cottage inhabited by three poor families; providentially the wind was still, and there was plenty of water, otherwise as several large farms stood very near, the consequences would have been dreadful. It was occasioned by a poor woman's striking a light to feed a child, and dropping the candle behind the bed head on some straw which was inadvertently put there.

18 October 1777
Orwell - Wager - A few day's ago a waiter at a public house at Orwell in this county. undertook for a small wager, to carry his company twelve bottles of liquor seventy poles from the house, one bottle at a time. He was allowed an hour and 5 minutes, but performed it in 43 minutes.

18 February 1786
Orwell - To Be Let - on leases and entered on at Lady Day, old style, 1786; the Lordship Farm in Orwell, Cambridgeshire, in the occupation of Mr William Walls, and the farm in Barrington in the said county, in the occupation of Mr Joseph Prime. Enquire of Mr Day of Royston.

26 September 1789
Orwell - Notice of Courts - to beholden for the Manors, as under, belonging to Richard Bendyshe, Esq. For the manor of Orwell, on Thursday 15th October, 1789, at 11 o'clock in the morning, at the Manor House there. (Also for Foxton and Foxton Bury) At which times and places, the tenants of the said respective manors are personally to appear, to do and perform their several respective suits and services; and all persons claiming title, and having a right to be admitted tenants of any customary or copyhold messuages, lands, or tenements, held by the said Manors by copy of Court Roll, are then and there to appear, and be admitted accordingly.
Edw. Day. Steward. Royston. September 15th. 1789.

10 December 1796
Orwell - Tithes To be Let - The great tithes of the rectory of Orwell in the county of Cambridge, with a convenient and commodious dwelling house, barns, stables, and other suitable and convenient offices, and a large farmyard. For particulars enquire of Thomas Smith, auctioneer, Petty Cury, Cambridge. Orwell is situated 7 miles from Cambridge, and 4 miles from Royston, both capital corn markets.

1 April 1797
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - by Bunyan and Cockett, on the premises on Tuesday 4 April 1797, Part of the neat household furniture, dairy utensils, excellent large beer casks, capital live and dead farming stock, and sundry other effects of Mr Allen Hurrell of Orwell; Mr Hurrell leaving his farm. Catalogues may be had in due time at the neighbouring inns, also at the place of sale and of the auctioneers at Royston, Herts.

16 March 1799
Orwell - To be Sold at Auction - by Messrs Bunyan and Cockett, on the premises, on Thursday 4 April, and following day; All the neat household furniture, plate, linen, china, brewing and dairy utensils, live and dead farming stock, and sundry other effects of Mr James Barton, at Orwell, deceased. N.B. The brewing utensil and live and dead farming stock will be sold on the second day. The whole may be viewed on the Wednesday preceding the sale, which will begin each morning at 10 o'clock. Catalogues may be had at the Six Bells, Morden; Horseshoes, Wrestlingworth; George, Potton; Cock, Gamlingay; Waresley Turnpike; Crown, Caxton; Fox, Stow Lane; Hardwicke Arms, Arrington; Swan, Harston; Chequers, Melbourn; place of sale; and of the auctioneers at Royston, Herts.

27 December 1800
Orwell - Apprentices - Wanted to put out apprentice, two active Lads, dwelling in the said Parish of Orwell, for which purpose and effect a certain premium will be offered (by the officers of the said Parish) to any person in Common trade, that will engage to take the said Lads as apprentice. The Lads may be taken both to one or separate trades. Whoever will take apprentice the said Lads, must apply to the officers of the said Parish. December 23rd.1800.

1 May 1802
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - by William Bunnell on Saturday 22nd day of May, 1802, at 12 o'clock in the forenoon, at the Bird Bolt inn in Cambridge in 17 lots; a messuage, and 52 acres (more or less) of arable and pasture land, with the appurtenances situate and being in Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, holden of the Manor of Orwell by copy of Court Roll. For further particulars apply to Mr Watford, land surveyor, Cambridge; Mr Daniel Sutton jun. solicitor, in Colchester; and to Mr Bunnell, the auctioneer in Colchester.

23 June 1804.
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - by Mr John Smith, at the Red Lion inn, in Royston. in the county of Cambridge, on Wednesday 27th.Day of June inst. between the hours of 4 and 8 o'clock in the afternoon, in 15 lots; a messuage or tenement, and several pieces or parcels of arable and pasture land, containing together 52 acres, more or less; situate in the parish of Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, and holden of the manor of Orwell by copy of Court Roll. The quit-rents chargeable upon the whole estate, amounting to £2 10s.5d. per ann. and the land tax payable for the same, amounting to £4 per ann. have been divided and apportioned upon the several lots according to their respective quantities, and each lot will be sold subject to the payments expressed in such apportionment. The whole of the premises are now in the occupation of Mr James Miller, but possession will be given to the purchasers on the completion of their respective purchases. Further particulars may be known by application to the auctioneer. and Mr King John Haggerston, solicitor, of Cambridge; and to Mr Sutton, solicitor, Colchester.

29 September 1804
Orwell - To be sold by private contract - Two closes of land, and several sellions, or pieces, or parcels of common field land, lying and being in the several fields called Cobbs or High Field, River Field, Oakland Field, and Church Field in the parish of Orwell in the county of Cambridge. Immediate possession will be given and particulars may be had by application to Mr King John Haggerston, attorney at law, Cambridge; or Mr Sutton, solicitor, Colchester.

19 July 1806
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - at Michaelmas next, a farm, containing about 90 acres of land, a good farm house, granary, barns, &c. Also two groves of trees. Particulars will be stated in a future paper.

20 September 1806
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - To be sold by Auction, at Michaelmas next, a farm, containing 90 acres of land, a good farm house, granary, barns, wheat hovel, &c in the occupation of Mr Farrow Miller. Also two groves of trees.

4 February 1809
Orwell - Wanted Immediately - A master for Dr Colbatch's School for boys, at Orwell, in the county of Cambridge. He must be able to instruct the scholars well in reading, writing and Arithmetic; but above all, he must be industrious, sober, good tempered, a member of the Church of England, and competent to teach, according to its doctrines, the principles of the Christian religion. A person of good behaviour, who conscientiously discharges the duties of this situation, will be allowed to increase his income by receiving scholars from the neighbouring parishes. Messrs. Logsden and F. Miller, church wardens, of Orwell, will shew the school and school house, and answer all necessary enquiries.

4 August 1810
Orwell - A Caution - Whereas Richard Underwood, of Barrington, did authorize Mr Thomas Cockett, of Royston, on Friday last, to sell by auction the standing crop of corn, to be taken and carried away from my farm which he held at Orwell, pretending he had my authority, which was not the case. Therefore if any purchaser carries, or causes to be carried away any of the straw, chaff or cuttings from my premises, I will proceed against them according to law. P Jonson, Bosmere Villa. August 20th 1810.

18 October 1811
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - Most valuable Farm, chiefly tithe free. To be sold by Auction in December next. The beneficial lease of a most valuable farm, called Malton, situated at Orwell, in the county of Cambridge; consisting of a large and convenient dwelling house, with suitable out-buildings, 280 acres of inclosed land, tithe free, 18 acres of Lammas meadow, 159 acres of arable land, lying in the common fields of Orwell, and 5 acres of inclosed land in the adjoining parish of Barrington; together with a valuable right of sheep walk over Orwell common fields.
The above farm is held under a beneficial lease from Christ's college, in the University of Cambridge, 15 years of which will be unexpired at Lady Day next. The tenant is under notice to quit the dwelling house, pasture grounds, fallows, and sheep walk at Lady Day next. Orwell is distant from that excellent market Royston only 5, and from Cambridge only 9 miles. Apply to Christopher Pemberton Esq; Cambridge.

2 April 1813
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - Live Stock, Farming Implements and Effects, Orwell, Cambridgeshire - To be sold by Auction, by Thomas Cockett, on the premises, on Monday 12th instant, the live and dead stock, farming implements, dairy utensils, a few lots of household furniture and effects, the property of Mrs Phillips, at Orwell, in the county of Cambridge. Credit will be given until Michaelmas next, on a proved joint security. To be viewed on the Saturday previous to the sale. Catalogues to be had at the inns in the neighbourhood, the place of sale, and of Thomas Cockett of Royston, Herts.

23 July 1813
Orwell - Stealing a Pig - At the Quarter Sessions for this county on Friday last, James Miller was sentenced to be transported for seven years, for stealing a pig from out of a yard in the parish of Orwell.

22 April 1814
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - Cows, Horses, Sheep, Corn, Hay, Thrashing Machine and Effects, at Orwell, Cambridgeshire - To be sold by Auction, by Thomas Cockett, on Mr Moses Gabbitus's farm at Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, on Tuesday 3rd May, at 11 o'clock; Three handsome heifers with calves by their sides, Four ditto, and two young cows down calving; Three 3 year old cart colts, Two useful cart mares, and 5 year old nag horse, runs well in harness; a handsome black hackney 4 years old, a 3 year old blood filly; a mow of wheat in the straw, about 60 loads; a stack of clover and meadow hay, a four horse power thrashing machine, carts, ploughs, implements, harness, a capital month clock, and other effects.
To be viewed on the day previous to the sale. Credit will be given until Michaelmas next, on approved security. Catalogues to be had at the inns in the neighbourhood, the place of sale, and of Thomas Cockett, at Royston, Herts.

10 December 1814
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - Valuable Livestock, Sacks of Corn and Hay, Implements, Household Furniture and Effects, Orwell, Cambridgeshire - To be sold by Auction, by Thomas Cockett, on the premises, on Thursday 5th.January, 1815 at 11 o'clock. All the valuable livestock, sacks of corn and hay, implements, part of the neat household furniture, and effects, the property of Mr William Barlow, at Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, who is leaving his farm; comprising two useful draught geldings, two ditto mares, six handsome well-bred heifers down calving, on ditto with a fine calf; a handsome spotted yearling bull; an in-pig'd sow, fowls, ducks, carts, ploughs, implements, a large hovel of unthrashed wheat, a large stack of barley, a large stack of beans, a stack of oats, and a stack of meadow hay; brewing and dairy utensils, household furniture, and other effects.
Three months credit will be given for the corn, hay, and livestock. Catalogues to be had at the inns and public houses in the neighbourhood, at the place of sale, and of Thomas Cockett of Royston, Herts.

15 March 1816
Orwell - Rectory House - 8 miles from Cambridge 7 from Royston, and 3 miles from the Great North Road at Arrington. To be Let, with possession: at Lady Day, the above house, in good repair, consisting of a dining room, parlour, study, seven cheerful lodging rooms, and an attic, together with a kitchen, dairy, and other offices, productive garden, &c. &c. For further particulars please to enquire (if by letter, post paid) of Elliot Smith, Cambridge.

5 April 1816
(Edited entry) Orwell - Orwell Farm - To be Let at Will, or for a term of years, to commence from Lady Day last; All that capital farm, called Orwell Farm, comprising a good farm house, in excellent repair, and homestead, with suitable barns, stabling, and other outbuildings, and about 40 acres of open field land; at present in the occupation of Mr. Gardiner, and situate in the parish of Orwell, about 7 miles distance from Royston and Cambridge. For particulars apply to Bendyshe Esq. Grosvenor Place, Bath; or at the office of Messrs King and Lukin, 21 Bedford Row, London.

3 January 1817
Orwell - Orwell School - J Wild respectfully begs leave to return his most grateful acknowledgements to the trustees of the school, and to all his friends, for the great encouragement he has experienced from them for nearly 8 years, and flatters himself that his past conduct, and future exertions in the faithful discharge of his duty, will merit a continuance of their favours. Terms: For board and instruction in English, French, Writing, Arithmetic, mensuration, &c. £18 18s. per annum - Washing £1 2s per annum. No entrance money or separate charge, Books excepted; and pupils may be admitted at any intermediate time in the half year, only a proportional payment untill the next quarter day being expected. The holidays are a month at Christmas and Midsummer - the present holidays terminate on the 18th January 1817.

7 February 1817
Cambridge - Death of Rector - On Saturday last died, at his apartments in Trinity college, aged 74, Rev John Davies, B.D., one of the Seniors of that society, Rector of Orwell in this county, Official to Rev the Archdeacon of Ely, and Librarian of the University. He proceeded to the degree of B.A. 1765; M.A. 1768; B.D. 1790- By the death of Mr. Davies the society of Trinity College have to regret the loss of a member, who by his learning was an ornament to the University, and whose particular suavity of disposition and urbanity of manners had justly attached him to all those who had the good fortune to be acquainted with his excellences.

28 February 1817
Orwell - To be Sold by Auction - Farming Implements, Hogs, and Effects,Orwell, Cambridgeshire. To be sold by Auction, by Thomas Cockett, on the premises, at Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, on Tuesday 11th day of March, 1817, at 11 o'clock; 7 narrow-wheeled dung carts, 2 broad-wheel ditto., 15 ploughs, 3 hoe ploughs, 5 pair of harrows, 2 rolls, a drill machine, a corn dressing machine, a threshing machine of two horse power, a clover seed frame, corn screens, corn fans, sieves, bushels, shovels, forks, corn drags, a malt mill, ladders, 28 dozen hurdles, corn bins, hog troughs, cart and plough harness, for 8 horses, a set of large scales and weights, a hogshead brewing copper, brewing tubs, beer casks, 9 large store hogs, 23 smaller ditto, 6 in-pig'd sows, and other effects, the property of Mr William Gardiner (who is removing into Kent).
To be viewed on the day previous to the sale. Catalogues to be had at the inns in the neighbourhood, at the place of sale, and of Thomas Cockett of Royston, Herts.

4 July 1817
Orwell - New Rector - The Rev John Henry Renouard, M.A., Vice-Master and one of the Seniors of Trinity College, was last week presented by the Master and Fellows of that society, to the rectory of Orwell, in this county, void by the death of Rev John Davies.

29 October 1819
Cambridge Quarter Sessions - Friday 22 October - Robert Worland was indicted for assaulting William Thomson, a blacksmith, at Orwell. It appeared in detail that the defendant was on horse back, riding through Orwell, when a number of persons assembled and laughed at him, and that the prosecutor said he rode like a fool, at which he got off his horse and challenged him to fight. Thomson made a motion as if he intended to strip, which provoked the defendant to strike him, he having previously received several blows from others, the companions of the prosecutor. Verdict - not Guilty.

25 October 1822
Cambridge Quarter Sessions - October 18 and 19 - Thomas Worland was first indicted for stealing a shirt out of a garden at Orwell, belonging to Robert Pyches; no doubt of guilt could be entertained, the article being found on his back. A second indictment was preferred, in which James Walter was included, for stealing two bee-hives, containing honey, from James Wilson. Nothing could be clearer than the evidence adduced, even from the time of making the matches, with which the bees were destroyed on the premises, to the very sale of honey, it was connected and complete; and the jury without hesitation found them both guilty, and the court sentenced them to seven years transportation.

12 January 1827
Cambridgeshire - Distribution to the Poor - Last week, John Bendyshe Esq. distributed a number of blankets and a considerable quantity of fuel to the poor of the parishes of Barrington, Foxton, and Orwell in this county.

5 March 1830
Cambridge - Death of Rector - On Wednesday evening last, at his rooms in Trinity College, in the 73rd year of his age, Rev John Henry Renouard. M.A., Vice Master of that society, and Rector of Orwell, in this county; B.A.1781, M.A.1784.

6 August 1830
Orwell - Death - On Monday last, Mr Edward Prime, of Orwell, in this county, at the advanced age of" 95 years. (Recorded in deaths column.)

14 September 1832
Orwell - Enclosures - Notice is hereby given that application is intended to be made, in the next session of Parliament, for leave to bring in a Bill for dividing, allotting, and inclosing the open and common fields, commons, commonable lands and waste grounds, in the parish of Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, and for exonerating the same and all other the tithable lands, grounds and places within the said parish from great and small tithes. Pemberton and Hayward. Cambridge. 13th.Sept.1832.

9 September 1836
Orwell - Accident - Yesterday afternoon, a lad named George Pryme, in the employ of Mr Merry, of Orwell, in this county, was killed in consequence of the horses in a harvest cart running away, by which he was thrown to the ground, and the wheels passing over his body, caused his instant death.

16 September 1836
Orwell - Inquest - On Friday last an inquest was held at Orwell, in this county, by Mr J U Robson, coroner, on view of the body of George Pryme, of the age of 18 years, a farming servant to Mr Pettengill Merry, of Orwell. On the previous day the deceased was driving his master's cart with two horses into the cornfields sitting on the copings and the horses going rather quickly, the wheel horse stumbled, by which means the cart was overturned and Pryme falling underneath was killed on the spot. Verdict; 'Accidental death'.

25 February 1837
Orwell - Orwell Manor Farm - Tithe-Free Farm, at Orwell, Cambridgeshire - To be Let, and entered upon at Lady Day 1837, Orwell Manor Farm, consisting of a farmhouse, barns, stables, and other outbuildings, and 464 acres of good land, whereof 61 acres are homestead, meadow, and pasture, 403 acres are arable, lying within a ring fence. The farm having heretofore been occupied by a non-resident tenant, the house and outbuildings are much out of conditions; but person wishing to treat are informed that all requisite repairs and improvements will be forthwith set about and completed. For a view of the farm, and further particulars, Apply to Mr Robert Prime, Barrington.

22 May 1841
Orwell - Orwell School - The Mastership of Orwell Boys' School is now vacant. This school is open to all boys between the ages 5 and 14 belonging to the parish of Orwell. There is a house, rent free, for the master. The stipend will be not less than £25, nor more than £40, a year. Candidates are requested to send their testimonials of character and ability, post paid, on or before 5th.June to Rev W Law, Orwell, near Arrington, Cambs.

12.June 1841
New School Master - Mr J R L Baldrey, of this town, was yesterday appointed Master of the Orwell Boys' School, in the room of the late Mr Wild.

28 August 1841
Orwell - Death from Fighting - On Thursday last a man, whose name we have not ascertained, was killed in a fight at Orwell in this county. This opponent is in custody, but, we understand, the case against him is not an aggravated one, as he was very adverse to the fight, which ended in so lamentable a manner.

4 September 1841
Orwell - Manslaughter - Yesterday an inquest was holden before G J Twiss, Esq.,at the 'Chequers', Orwell, on the body of Jonathan Munns, labourer, whose death in consequence of a fight was alluded to in our last. It appeared from the evidence of John Knight and James Gill that the deceased and others were at harvest work in a field belonging to Mr Scruby, farmer, Orwell, on the preceding day, when a quarrel arose in consequence of some trifling thing or other between deceased, who was said to been of a very quarrelsome disposition, and a fellow workman named William Blows. Deceased challenged Blows to fight, but the latter declined. However, as they were going home in the evening, the deceased renewed the quarrel, and a fight eventually took place, although Blows appears to have been desirous to avoid it. Munns was so much injured about the head that he died soon afterwards. The jury returned a verdict of 'manslaughter' against William Blows, for whose apprehension the coroner issued his warrant. (The CIP for this date gives a similar account of the tragedy and inquest. However, it names the deceased as Joseph Manners, and also states that Blows has 'managed to allude capture'.)

21 September 1850
Orwell - Refusing to Pay Toll - At Arrington Petty Sessions, on the 9th. inst., John Ikett, coachman to the Right Hon. the Earl of Hardwicke, was summoned at the instance of Mr Joseph Barrel, lessee of the Orwell gate, to show cause why he refused to pay the usual toll on passing through the said gate.
The case had been adjourned from time to time, to meet the convenience of his lordship, who, however, did not attend, and it was proceeded with in his absence. The collector said that, on the 12th day of July, the defendant passed through the gate, driving his lordship's carriage, containing the family, and on being applied to, refused to pay the usual toll. The defendant did not deny the statement of the witness, and said he had only acted in accordance with his lordship's orders. The gate, it may be recollected, was removed to its present position about twelve months since, with the sanction and under the direction of the Trustees of the road, much to the dissatisfaction of his lordship, who said he would never pay for going through.
The Magistrates, however, thought that law-makers should not be law breakers, and mulcted the defendant in the toll and costs, amounting to £1 7s.; thus establishing the right of the lessee to toll all persons passing through the gate who are not legally exempt, and of which no one except his lordship ever had any doubt.

21 September 1850
New Orwell - Inquest.- An inquest was held at the 'Queen Victoria', yesterday (Friday) by Mr Marshall, on the body of Mary, the illegitimate child of Mary Gadd, who had been weak and ailing from its birth, five months back. A post mortem examination was made by Mr Metcalfe, of Melbourne, who found the lungs much diseased. Verdict, "Died from inflammation of the lungs."

30 November 1850
Orwell - Incendiary Fire - We are sorry to state that a fire broke out at Maypole Farm, Orwell, occupied by Mr Miller, on Wednesday morning last, while the occupier was at breakfast, when several stacks of corn were destroyed. The incendiary has hitherto escaped detection.

30 November 1850
Orwell - Narrow Escape - On Saturday night last, between 5 and 6 o'clock, Mr George Simons, the well-known piano-forte tuner, late of Cambridge, but now of Hitchin, was proceeding from Wimpole to Cambridge, in a gig: He had just reached the centre of Orwell Hill on the ascent, when he perceived a gig containing two persons approaching in the opposite direction, and on the wrong side of the road. Mr Simons halloed at the top of his voice, (somewhat of a stentorian one). For some cause, however, they did not alter their course, and the two vehicles came into contact; that of Mr Simons was upset, and Mr Simons himself was thrown over the rail at the side of the road and only saved himself from falling down the embankment by the roadside, and which at this spot is about 15 feet deep, by convulsively clutching the rail. Fortunate it was for him that he did so, or he would inevitably have broken his neck; as it was his shin was broken and his head severely bruised; his clothes too were torn. The other party stopped and rendered all the assistance in their power, and with that of others the vehicle was righted, after cutting the harness to liberate the pony. The step was broken off the gig, and it sustained other injuries: The pony was uninjured and Mr Simons was able to resume his journey by half past eight. The driver of the other vehicle was Mr Pateman, of Orwell: The night was very dark, and it was raining very hard. Both vehicles were proceeding at a moderate pace.

24 May 1856
Orwell - Stealing Five Lambs - On Friday, the 16th, Joseph Drage, shepherd, of this place, was apprehended by Supt. Stretten and charged with stealing five lambs, the property of Mr C. Roads, of Malton Farm. The case was heard before the Rev Mr Fendall, at Harlton, and the accused remanded for the production of further evidence.

10 October 1857
Orwell - The Fast Day - The Rev Purchase preached at Morning Prayer on Jer. c.5. v.6, 7, 8, 9; and Evening Prayer Genesis c.9.v.6. The alms given through the offertory amounted to £3.

9 March 1861
Orwell - For Addenbrooke's Hospital - On Sunday last, a sermon in aid of the funds of Addenbrooke's Hospital, was preached at the parish church of Orwell, by Rev J B McCellan, fellow of Trinity college. The collection amounted to £2 8s. 0d.

4 May 1861
Orwell - Fire - Last Friday night week, between 10 and 11 o'clock, a fire broke out in a haystack, and another being close to it, both were consumed. The fire was doubtless the act of an incendiary.

24 August 1861
Orwell - Sudden Death of a Singular Character - On Tuesday last, an inquest was held at the 'White Hart', Orwell, before F Barlow, Esq., touching the death of one Simeon Harding, who died under circumstances below detailed. Joseph Moore, landlord of the 'White Hart' deposed that he knew the deceased and had done so for many years, he was a labourer, and his age was 56 years; he occasionally worked for witness, and used to sleep in a stable attached to the 'White Hart', for a year past; he slept upon straw and sacks. There was no horse kept in the stable; the other occupant was a donkey.
Observed nothing the matter with deceased till 8 o'clock on Saturday night. He was then in witness' house and complained of being cold, but that was all. He remained till a quarter to 10, and had two pints of beer. He then left to go to the stable, bidding the company 'good night'. Never knew the deceased to sleep in a bed - he led a sort of outcast life; he had no regular work, but jobbed about. Never knew that the deceased was subject to fits, or that he took laudanum or opium. It was the deceased's custom to come into the house for dinner at 1 o'clock on the Sunday, and not making his appearance on Sunday last, witness went to look after him, and found him lying flat on his back dead. The donkey was out, and it was the deceased's habit to let him out early in the morning, witness inferred that deceased was alive in the early part of the morning. Found the stable door shut.
Mr Carver, surgeon, of Melbourn, deposed that he had made a post- mortem examination. He found old pleuritic affections on both sides of the chest. There was a quantity of serum in the lungs and fatty degeneration, and ossification of the valves of the heart, quite sufficient to account for death. There was no trace of poison in the stomach. Verdict: 'Died of disease of the heart'
[CIP of the same date (pg.5) gives a similar account of this tragedy, but names the deceased as "Simon" not "Simeon", the land lord is named as "Merry" not "Moore", the surgeon "Calver" not "Carver", and the verdict is given as' Died by the visitation of God'.]

24 May 1862
Orwell - Prince Albert Memorial - A collection has been made in this parish in aid of the national memorial to the Prince Consort. 75 persons contributed. The sum collected amounts to £2 15s.11d.

19 July 1862
Orwell - Establishment of a Post Office - In compliance with a memorial presented by the inhabitants to the Post Master General, his lordship has authorised the establishment of a post office in this village.

27 April 1867
Orwell - Death of Child - On Saturday last, an inquest was held at the 'Chequers', Orwell, before F Barlow, Esq., coroner, on view of the body of the illegitimate child of Naomi Knight, ten weeks old. It was proved that the child was delicate before its birth, and the surgeon, Mr Carver, attributed death to malformation of the heart . The jury returned a verdict of 'Died from natural causes'.

12 October 1867
Orwell - For Addenbrooke's Hospital - A sermon in aid of the funds of this hospital was preached in the parish church of Orwell, on Sunday, October 6th, by the Rev E W Cory, M.A.,vicar of Meldreth. The sum of £3 was collected.

12 September 1868
Orwell - Great Fire - On Sunday afternoon last, some loose straw in Mr Prime's farm-yard in this place was discovered to be on fire by a man named Miller Hayes. He attempted to extinguish the same by using water, but was unable to do so. The yard being partly filled with straw and surrounded by thatched buildings, the flames very quickly extended to them all, also to the farmhouse, which was cottaged off into three dwellings occupied by three families. The fire also attacked the adjacent premises, and 14 sacks of hay and corn, the property of Mr Henry Sworder, were quickly enveloped in flames. The whole of the property above-named, and the furniture of the three cottages, was destroyed. The Melbourne and Wimpole engines were present, but proved of little use, the water being too far off. The origin of the fire is not known. The damage is roughly estimated at over £2,000. Mr Sworder is insured principally in the Phoenix fire office.

5 December 1868
Orwell - Inquest - On Wednesday last, an inquest was held at the 'Chequers' inn, before F Barlow Esq., on the body of Florence Ann Prime, a month old, the infant daughter of Joseph Prime, labourer. Verdict; Died from an overdose of opium, inadvertently administered by its mother.

10 April 1869
Orwell - Help for Fire Victims - The committee appointed in September last to receive subscriptions in aid of the families in this parish, whose furniture was destroyed by the fire at the Manor Farm, audited the account of their treasurer at the schoolroom, on Monday last. The subscriptions amounted to £50 7s.4d of which sum £43 17s.4d. had been expended in providing fresh furniture and clothes. The committee agreed unanimously to pay the balance, £6 l0s.0d., to Addenbrooke's Hospital.

10 April 1869
Orwell - The Maypole Non Est - A correspondent remarks that "the Maypole, which for centuries has marked the spot where in the superstitious days of Roman Catholicism, the people came on May Day to worship the Virgin! and when in after days on the same day, the lads and lasses came to dance round the poll (sic) with less reverent thoughts, has disappeared". He says "this will be regretted by almost everyone, for Orwell may-pole was pointed out from generation to generation". He adds,"Can no graceful pine be spared from those that adorn the lodge that speaks of the hospitalities of Wimpole to our most gracious Queen and her illustrious consort?" He then answers himself, and says, "No doubt it can be and will be spared if anybody in the neighbourhood asks for it."

10 September 1870
Orwell - Singular Case - F Barlow Esq., county coroner, held an inquest on Monday last, at the White Hart, Orwell, touching the death of James Pell. Deceased was about 18 years of age, and a labourer employed by Mr Worsley, farmer, Orwell.
About a fortnight previously, the deceased, with George Bowyer and David Smith, were at work together, when Smith asked deceased what he threw a stone at him for; the deceased denied throwing any, but Smith still said he did, and hit him a time or two on the head for it, with his flat hand, and took two or three stones from Pell's pocket. Pell picked up a stone and threw at Smith, which caused the latter to resent by knocking Pell down, and kicking him when he was down. Smith and Bowyer then quitted the field, and Pell (deceased) was left behind, crying. When Smith administered the kick, Pell said to him, "mind what you are after, kicking me on the ribs." The next day Pell was not found at his work, but he was the day after, apparently pretty well, but since then he had not been to his employment. Up to this occurrence, deceased had always enjoyed good health. From the time he received the blows and kicks, he complained of suffering very much from his side and head. On deceased being pressed as to the occurrence, he said it was "Darkey" (the nickname of Smith) who hit him; he was struck twice on the head and knocked down, and then "Darkey" straddled over him, and struck him in the side with the heel of his boot - how many times he did not say. On the following Tuesday he ceased to work, took to his bed, never to rise from it alive, for he died last Saturday afternoon. During the time he lay in bed, he was insensible for several days. On hearing how matters had turned out, Smith (or Darkey) went to deceased's house and expressed his regret to Mrs Pell, he would not have done it on any account, and Mrs Pell quite believed him.
Months ago deceased complained of his left leg, but he never, before he was struck by Smith, had any abscess or boil on that leg. When he left his work for the last time he not only complained of head and side, but of his leg also. But on being questioned by his mother, he said Smith did not kick him there. From the evidence of Wm Swann, it appeared that a fortnight previously, deceased and other boys annoyed the man Smith after dinner, by making a noise when he lay down to sleep; they also got pelting, and one of the stones struck Smith on the leg," and made it bleed. Smith chastised some of the boys with a strap, but Pell ran away, and on his coming back Smith promised him something another time. This witness also said deceased had complained of his knee for six months.
The evidence of Mr A J Newman, surgeon, of Melbourn, went to show that deceased was found to be suffering from symptoms of blood poisoning, and that he had a recently-opened abscess immediately below the knee of the left leg, over the shin bone. He was partially delirious, but conscious on being roused. His head and ribs were examined, but showed no marks of violence - this being 8 days after the injury had been received. If the blows had been but slight, any discolouration caused by them would in all probability have disappeared. The left leg below the knee was very much swollen, and the wound had a very unhealthy appearance. The appearance of the leg on Wednesday could have been produced by a kick or blow on the previous Tuesday week. As a result of a post mortem examination, Mr Newman was of the opinion that death was caused by pyaemia or blood poisoning, secondary to the abscess on the leg. - A verdict was returned in accordance with the medical opinion.
( CIP of the same date gives a shorter account of this inquest.)
1 October 1870
Orwell - Unjust Measures - Thomas Russell, of Orwell, shopkeeper, was charged by the Inspector of Weights and Measures with having in his shop at Orwell, on the 19th.September, two unjust pewter measures - pleaded guilty and was fined ls.6d. including costs. Paid. (Cambridge Sessions)

11 February 1871
Orwell - Sudden death - On Monday last, F Barlow Esq, Coroner, held an inquest at this village, concerning the death of George Bullen, labourer, in the employ of Mr Baldrey, farmer. Deceased was suddenly taken ill in the field, and expired the same day. The medical testimony showed the cause to have been diseased heart. Verdict accordingly.

12 August 1871 (CIP)
Orwell - Vegetable Show - On Tuesday last this village was enlivened by a vegetable show, through the liberality of Mr H Sworder, whose barn was tastefully decorated for the display of the products of the competitors. We understand that Mr Chapman, of Barrington, adjudged the prizes which were restricted to labourers whose rent did not exceed £5 per annum. We noticed some very fine vegetables and hope to see it in another year extended to amateur classes.
List of Prizes:
Kidney potatoes (12): 1. W Giddings; 2. W Parnell; 3. D Wilshire.
Potatoes (12): 1. G Lee; 2. G Gill; 3. J Miller.
Spring Onions (6): 1. Elizabeth Wilmott; 2. J Miller; 3. C Hombley.
Winter Onions (6): 1. James Miller; 2. D Wilshire; 3. Elizabeth Wilmott.
Carrots (6): 1. J Haize; 2. Northfield; 3. D Wilshire.
Peas (quarter of a peck): 1. H Waldock; 2. J Haize; 3. J Miller.
Broad beans (20): 1. Mrs Marshall; 2. J Miller; 3. G Lee.
Cabbages (3): 1. J Miller; 2. Mrs Marshall; 3. J Collis.

20 May 1871
Orwell - Inquest - On Thursday, F Barlow Esq, coroner, held an inquiry into the cause of the death of the unnamed female child of Thomas Hagger, the evidence went to prove that deceased was accidentally smothered while in bed in a bassionette - Verdict accordingly.

9 September 1871
Orwell - The Sheep Case - At the Arrington Petty Sessions on Monday, Mr Merry, farmer, of this village, was charged by Mr Gregg, the road surveyor, of allowing his sheep to stray on the highway. Gregg, the complainant, swore that he saw Mr Merry's shepherd's boy, lying on the road, and the sheep standing. The boy denied this, and swore that neither he nor his sheep stood still, nor did he lie down. Another boy was with him. Mr Naylor, the barrister, who appeared for Mr Merry, suggested to the bench the propriety of hearing what this boy would say, for if Gregg's tale were true, and he made no mistake, Mr Merry must be fined, but if it was not correct, then he ought not. The bench immediately sent for the boy, and when he was Sworn he fully supported the testimony of the shepherd's boy, that the sheep never stopped all the way from Orwell, and that the boy did not lie down. The summons was dismissed, and the unanimous feeling of the parish was with Mr Merry.

20 April 1872
Orwell - Easter Concerts - Two concerts were given in the School-room, of this village, on the evenings of Easter Monday and Tuesday, by the church choir, assisted by a few musical friends, which passed off very successfully, the room being well filled each night. The programmes consisted of glees by the choir (conducted by Mr Purnell, the schoolmaster), songs, &c. Mrs Taylor and Miss Saunders, very ably presided at the pianoforte, and the singing of the Misses and the Master Taylors, was much appreciated. Mrs Anderson and Mrs Purnell likewise sang in good taste, as did also Mrs Russell, and Miss Annie Russell, and other ladies. But it was left to the gentlemen to delight the company most. The comic songs of W Rouse Boughton Esq and F E Wollaston Esq were exceedingly well rendered and caused enthusiastic applause. The singing of Messrs Smith, Purnell, and Dalby too was much enjoyed, and all seemed well pleased with the entertainment. Thanks are due to the Rev H C A Taylor for the part he took in promoting them, also to the gentlemen who kindly acted as a committee, who did their best to make the evening's entertainment so pleasant and agreeable.

27 July 1872
Orwell - Cottagers' Horticultural Exhibition - With a view to improving the social condition of the cottagers, Mr H Sworder, of Manor Farm, originated last year this annual exhibition, which has been attended with the most beneficial results - all praise to Mr Sworder, who liberally contributes the entire prize fund. The competition this year took place on Tuesday last, and was a very great success, the number of exhibitors being 40 against 22 last year, and 95 exhibits against 51 last year. Mr Chapman, gardener, Barrington, officiated as judge. The prizes were distributed at 6 o'clock to the grateful recipients according to the following.
Prize list:
Potatoes, kidney (14 exhibitors): - 1. S Cullis; 2. D E Watts; 3. W Giddings.
Potatoes, not kidney (17 exhibitors): - 1. S Cullis; 2. J Haize; 3. Mary Osborne.
Carrots (11 exhibitors): - 1. A Haize; 2. G Gill; 3. D Pannell.
Peas (6 exhibitors): - 1. J Miller; 2. B Marshall; 3. C Miller.
Broad beans (16 exhibitors): - 1. Mary Osborne; 2. W Colin; 3. Ward Stamford.
French beans (4 exhibitors): - 1. J Maile; 2. J Knights; 3. G Gill.
Cabbage (9 exhibitors): - 1. J Collis; 2. G Knights; 3. W Giddings.
Lettuce (3 exhibitors): - 1. B Marshall; 2. J Miller; 3. W Giddings.
Best collection of vegetables: - 1. Mary Osborne; 2. G Knights; 3. J Miller.
Cut flowers (6 exhibitors): - 1. D Wilshere; 2. G Haize; 3. G Mulberry.
Spring Onions (9 exhibitors): - 1. A Munns; 2. D Pannell; 3. G Collis.

29 March 1873
Orwell - Vestry Meeting - A vestry meeting was held yesterday week, but adjourned to the schoolroom. The Rector, Rev H C A Tayler, in the chair. There were also nine rate-payers present for the purpose of electing overseers, waywarden and assessors for the ensuing year. Messrs Joseph Russell and Joseph Miller were re-elected overseers; Mr Alfred Merry was next proposed to be re-elected as waywarden by Mr E Prime, seconded by Mr Joseph Miller. Mr H Sworder then demanded a poll on behalf of himself, but the chairman said he could not demand that, as he had not as yet been proposed. Mr W Palmer then proposed Mr Sworder as waywarden, seconded by Mr Frederick Miller. The chairman then called for a show of hands for the respective candidates, when 7 declared in favour of Mr Merry and 2 for Mr Sworder; the latter still demanding a poll. Messrs A Merry and T Russell were re-elected assessors without opposition.

21 June 1873
Orwell - Cambridge Board of Education - On Sunday afternoon a sermon was preached in this church by Rev O Fisher, Rector of Harlton and rural dean; and a collection was made in aid of the fund which is being raised by the advice of the Bishop, for the purpose of maintaining a system of inspection of schools in religious knowledge. The collection was £135. [seems high - £1 3s 5d more likely? - Ed]

19 September 1874
Orwell - Harvest Thanksgiving - A Thanksgiving service was held in this church on Sunday evening Last, and a collection was made for Addenbrooke's Hospital, amounting to £3 7s.9d.

2 January 1875
New Orwell - Inquest - Yesterday, C W Palmer Esq, deputy coroner, held an inquest in the Queen Victoria, Orwell, on the body of Joseph Miller, 56, labourer, who died suddenly on Wednesday night. The wife of the deceased stated that her husband went to his work on Wednesday in his usual state of health, and returned in the evening. He went to bed about 9 o'clock, and about half an hour afterwards he gave two or three sighs and expired. Mr C W Parkinson, surgeon, of Melbourn, was of the opinion that death resulted from fatty degeneration of the heart, and a verdict was returned in accordance with this testimony.

16 January 1875
Orwell - Inquest - On Monday, C W Palmer Esq, deputy coroner, held an inquest at the Duke of Wellington public house, touching the death of Samuel Smith, which took place suddenly on the Friday previous. Deceased was a labourer, about 55 years of age, and lodged with Mr Joseph Parcell. He had been a man of good health, but a few days previous to his death had a violent cold. He was going about all day on Thursday. and retired to bed about 8 o'clock in the evening. At daybreak next morning. Mrs Parcell went to his bedroom. when he told her he was a good deal better, but in going to him again after 9 o'clock she found him dead in bed. He drank a good deal at times - Mr C W Parkinson, surgeon, Melbourn, stated that the cause of death was pericarditis, brought on by exposure; and the jury returned a verdict accordingly.

10 April 1875
Orwell - Concert - A first rate entertainment, consisting of music and readings, came off last Tuesday evening in the Endowed School room, the Rector in the chair. The room was well filled with a respectable and appreciative audience. A well selected programme was successfully carried out, and great praise is due to the committee, Messrs. Leslie, Boning, Russell and Dalley; as also to Mr C W Flack for conducting the musical part, and to other friends who so kindly rendered assistance. The proceeds of the evening will be given to the funds of the Orwell Cricket Club.

18 December 1875
New Orwell - An inquest was held before C W Palmer Esq, deputy county coroner, at the Queen Victoria, Orwell, on Monday, touching the death of Samuel Spackman and David Clark, two boys, who lost their lives by drowning in the gault pits situated in Mr Dudley's brick fields at Wimpole, on Saturday morning last. It appeared from the evidence that the deceased were sliding on the ice on the pit named when the ice broke and they went into the water. Both struggled to get out. Spackman got on the top of the ice, and then Clark caught hold of him and pulled him down. They struggled for some time, but were unable to save themselves, and sank before assistance arrived.
Harry Gadd, a boy, who was playing at the pit at the time of the accident, gave an alarm, and several men were soon on the spot. When the bodies were recovered, life was quite extinct.
William Whitby, labourer, who was working on Saturday at the brick fields in question, warned the boys off the ice, and they left, but they appeared to have returned again when Whitby was absent. Verdict, "Accidental death".

15 January 1876
Orwell - Entertainment - A first rate musical entertainment was given with a short lecture between the first and second parts, on Monday evening last, in the school room of the parish; The Rev H C A Taylor, Rector, in the chair. There was a full attendance, and a good programme was carried out by the following ladies and gentlemen, viz: Miss Fenter, Mrs Boning, Mrs Anderson and Miss Smith; Messrs. Smith, Bridges, Neighbour and Dalley - many thanks are due to Messrs Russell and Boning for their kindness and attention to the audience. The proceedings of the evening will be given to the church choir fund.

17 June 1876
New Orwell - Inquest - On Monday last an inquest was held at the Fox and Hounds public house, Orwell, before F Barlow Esq, county coroner, concerning the death of Annie Elizabeth Goats, aged 21 months, the daughter of John Goats, farm labourer, Wimpole. The child died after considerable vomiting; and Mr C W Parkinson, the surgeon who made the post mortem examination, was of the opinion that the child was suffocated by a large worm getting entangled in the trachea. - Verdict "Died by the visitation of God".

5 August 1876
Orwell - Fire - A fire broke out on the 16th. ult., in the stackyard of Mr Henry Sworder of this village, and speedily consumed a sack of straw and a large shed of implements, etc. Plenty of assistance being at hand the flames were subdued before the farm buildings caught fire, or a considerable quantity of wool and other farm produce must have been burnt. Mr Sworder was insured in the Westminster fire office.

25 November 1876
Orwell - For Addenbrooke's Hospital - On Sunday, November 19th, collections in aid of the funds of the hospital were made in Orwell church at each service. The amounts received were as follows:- morning, £4 2s 10d; afternoon, 10s.3d; evening, £1 3s 6d; Total £5 16s. 7 1/2d.

22 September 1877
Orwell - Sudden Death - John Jackson, fossil digger, of this place died suddenly on Wednesday night. It appeared at the inquest, held by F Barlow Esq the following day that he went to bed apparently in his usual health after eating a hearty supper. His wife was awakened by hearing him making a gurgling noise in his throat, and on procuring assistance he was found to have expired. The post mortem examination disclosed fatty degeneration of the heart, and the jury returned a verdict of "Died by the visitation of God".

6 October 1877
Orwell - Harvest Thanksgiving - On Thursday, 27th ult., a Harvest Thanksgiving service was held in Orwell church, which had been carefully decorated by several of the parishioners. A very appreciative sermon was preached by the Rev E W Cory, Vicar of Meldreth, and the sum of £6 0s.4d. was collected for the hospital.

5 October 1878
Orwell - Harvest Thanksgiving - The Harvest Thanksgiving service at the parish church took place on Sunday evening last, the sermon being preached by the Vicar, the Rev J O Powell. The collection, £6 17s.5 1/4d., was for Addenbrookes Hospital.

20 September 1879
Orwell - Inquest - Last Wednesday, C W Palmer Esq, held an inquest here, at the house of George Aslin, on the Rectory Farm, concerning the death of John Matthews, labourer, in the employ of Messrs Meyers. The deceased, who was 24 years old, had acted as horse keeper, was killed by being run over in the harvest field. Upon his attempting to put a bit into the horse's mouth, the animal threw up its head and jerked the halter onto its neck, which caused it to take fright. Deceased held the halter and ran by the side of the horse, trying to stop it. After running two hundred yards he fell and the cart wheel passed over him, causing almost instant death. Verdict- "Accidental death".

15 May 1880
Orwell - Fire - About noon, on the 12th inst., a fire broke out on the Rectory Farm, Orwell, in the occupation of Mr A H Meyer, and consumed two wheat, one bean, two hay, and five straw sacks, two barns, stables, bullock sheds, hen house and some poultry, nine pigs (one fat and eight stores), a lot of farm implements, several coombs of thrashed wheat, beans, peas, and oats, and twenty tons of wurzels. The damage is estimated at several hundreds of pounds. Mr Meyer is insured in the County office. The fire was accidentally caused by sparks from a traction engine, which was leaving Mr. Meyer's stack yard. A man named Aslin saw the roof of the hay stack on fire directly the engine had passed it.

21 May 1881
Orwell - Inquest - On Monday an inquest was held at this place touching the death of Alma Souter Willmott, the illegitimate child of Sophie Willmott. It appears that the deceased, aged 8 months, died on Sunday from acute bronchitis. The jury returned a verdict accordingly.

3 September 1881
Orwell - Inquest upon the Death of an Illegitimate Child - An inquest was held at the 'Chequers' on Wednesday By Mr Chas W Palmer, coroner, touching the death of the unnamed female child of Caroline Ward. It appears that the deceased was born on 24th August, her mother, aged sixteen, being attended in her confinement by a midwife. The child died after living 24 hours. Mrs Rule, the midwife, told deceased grandmother that she thought if the deceased dies she (the midwife) could give the grandmother a certificate, and so the latter did not send for the doctor. The jury returned a verdict of "Death from natural causes".
The coroner said that he was determined, as far as he possibly could, to put down the neglect that was shown in these cases. In that case, for instance, the mother, a girl aged 16, was delivered of an illegitimate child, and, although the midwife and grandmother agreed that the child might not live, it did live for 24 hours, and without taking the slightest trouble in the matter, the grand-mother and the midwife sat down and waited for the death. He severely censured the grandmother and the midwife, and said he should follow the course he had pursued on two previous occasions, and disallowed all the expenses he could.

29 April 1882
Orwell - A Child Fatally Burnt - On Monday, at the 'White Hart' public house, an inquest was held before C W Palmer, county coroner, on the body of Emma Elizabeth Reed, aged 2 years and 7 months, who died on Sunday from the effects of burns received on the previous day. Mrs lsabel Reed, wife of Arthur Reed, Orwell, labourer, said that on Saturday evening she left deceased and three other children in her house, in order to go and help her husband to set potatoes. The eldest child was in his seventh year. About 7p.m. witness was sent for. She returned, and found deceased seriously burnt. A doctor was sent for. Witness applied the remedies ordered by him. The child died about 11a.m. on Sunday.
There was a small fire burning in the grate when the child was left. Naomi Willmott, wife of Jos Willmott, labourer, said deceased was her grand daughter. Last Saturday evening witness went to her daughter's house. She found the lower room full of smoke. The eldest child said his mother had gone to set potatoes. Witness could not see the child because of the smoke. He further said, "My Emmy's burning". Witness felt round the room and found deceased by the couch with her clothes all burning. Witness pulled them off. Her mother and some neighbours came and the doctor was fetched. - Mr L M Earl, surgeon, Melbourn, said deceased had extensive burns over the abdomen and chest when he saw her. Proper remedies were applied, but the child died from shock to her system.
The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death", but expressed their opinion that the mother of the deceased was seriously to blame in leaving the child. They thanked Mr Judd for the assistance which he had rendered. The coroner concurred with the jury on both these points.

25 November 1882
Orwell - Sudden Death - On Friday, November 17th., at the house of Jane Swan, Mr Palmer, County Coroner, held an inquest touching the death of John Hornsby, aged 64, farm bailiff, who died suddenly on the previous evening. Mary Ann Hornsby, daughter of the deceased, said he woke soon after 5a.m. on the previous day and was then apparently well. He came down about 6.30p.m., and again seemed well. After supper he turned round to the fireplace, and presently witness noticed that he was breathing very heavily and leaning on the arm of the chair. Witness lifted him up and asked what was the matter with him. He did not speak, but seemed quite insensible. Witness called in a neighbour. She believed deceased died about five minutes after she first noticed him. The medical evidence of Mr. L M Earl, Melbourn, showed that the cause of death was syncope, consequent on fatty degeneration of the heart - Verdict: "Natural causes'.

3 March 1883
Orwell - Sudden Death - On Wednesday, Mr C W Palmer held an inquest at the 'Chequers' inn, touching the death, on Tuesday, of John Parcell, aged 78. The medical evidence of Mr Earl, surgeon, Melbourn, showed that the cause of death was rupture of the heart. Verdict: "natural causes".

25 August 1883
Orwell - The Parish Church - Re-opening of the Chancel - We observe that the afternoon service on Thursday August 30th., will commence at 3 o'clock, not at 3.30, as before announced. The Rector and church wardens hope to find seats in the chancel for the clergy. They would, therefore, be much obliged if those of the clergy who purpose to be present, and have not yet signified their intention, would kindly do so at their earliest convenience.

1 September 1883
Orwell - Re-opening Services at Orwell Church - On Thursday, special services were held at Orwell church, to celebrate the re-opening of the chancel [the part of a church near the altar, reserved for the clergy and choir, and typically separated from the nave by steps or a screen] after restoration, and the impending completion of restoration work to other parts of the building. The project of restoration was set on foot in consequence of a report made in November 1881, to the Archdeacon of Ely, by Mr R R Rowe, architect, of Cambridge, the diocesan surveyor. The Rector decided to begin at the chancel, with the aid of funds derived from the sale of coprolites on the glebe, the appropriation of which for this purpose was consented to by the Bishop and the Master and Fellows of Trinity College, who are patrons of the living. While the chancel restoration was in progress, the attention of the church wardens was directed to the state of the other parts of the church, Which in many places urgently needed repair. By the advice of Mr Wlm White, F.S.A., architect, of Wimpole Street, W,. it was further decided to restore the south aisle and clerestory; to strengthen the foundations, and to provide for the proper drainage of the building. Subsequently, the rebuilding of the porch was resolved upon. The work is now almost complete, with the exception of the re-hanging of the bells, of which four out of five are at present lying on the belfry floor. The church though not a large one is a fine building, erected in the 13th. century, and consists of a nave, chancel, side aisles, south porch, and low tower, containing the five bells above mentioned. It is usually described as being dedicated to St Andrew, but this would appear to be incorrect, judging from the fact that the village "feast" is held on St. Peter's day. The date of the local feast is generally considered to be good evidence as to which was originally the patron saint of a parish. In the chancel of the church is a monumental effigy of Jeremiah Radcliffe, one of the translators of the Bible of 1611, and memorials of some of the former rectors, among whom were Wolfran Stubbs, D.D., Vice-Master of Trinity College, Professor of Hebrew at Cambridge; also Mr Charles Mason, Woodwardian Professor of Mineralogy.
There was a large attendance of clergy at the ceremony, also of ladies and gentlemen from neighbouring places.
It had been announced that the bishop of the diocese would attend and preach the sermon, but much to the disappointment of the parishioners it was announced last Sunday morning that his lordship would be prevented from coming, in consequence of illness of a very painful character. Notwithstanding the absence of his lordship there were crowded congregations, and all joined very heartily in the services.
The church was elaborately and very nicely decorated with plants and flowers, most of which were from the nurseries of Mr P Meyer, of Orwell. The actual work of decoration was carried out by Mr Boning, the schoolmaster, and by Mrs Bonnett and the Misses Smith, of Orwell.
Among those present at the proceedings were, the Rev Dr Swainson, Master of Christ's College; the Rev Dr Campion, of Queens' College; the Ven Archdeacon Lower, of Fowlmere; the Rev Canon Churton, of King's College; the Rev R Bendyshe, of Barrington Hall, Lord of the Manor; the Rev W G F Pigott, Rector of Abbington, and Mrs Pigott; the Rev B H Wortham, of Kneesworth Hall; the Revs J Watkins, Rector of Gamlingay; J Conder, LL.D., Vicar of Wendy; E A Powell, Rector of Toft: T J Sanderson, Vicar of Litlington; J Harrison, Vicar of Royston, and H W Goodhart, Curate; E W Cory, Vicar of Meldreth; A E Humphreys, Vicar of St. Matthew's, Cambridge, and W Flowers, Curate; R Hines, Vicar of Shepreth; S S Lewis, Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; E Atkinson, Cheltenham; H G Whittington, Vicar of Foxton; H W Monkhouse, Vicar of Barton; A Law, Curate of Brent Pelham, Buntingford; Mrs and Miss and Mr Valentine Beldharn, of Royston; Mr F Beldham, Mr Banyers, Mrs Wortham, of Kneesworth Hall, and family; Mr P Meyer; Mrs Selwyn, of Foxton; the Misses Smith, and other ladies and gentlemen.
The clergy assembled in the schoolroom at a quarter to three, and at three o'clock went in procession into church. As they moved up the nave to their seats in the chancel, they, with the choir, repeated alternately with the congregation, verses from the 48th Psalm. The rest of the service also was conducted in the form appointed for use on such occasions in the Diocese of Ely. The Rev A Law, son of the former rector, read the prayers, the Rector read the First Lesson, and the Vicar of Foxton the second.
An earnest and impressive sermon was preached by the Ven Archdeacon Lower, rector of Foulmire, who took the words of his text from Ezra v.,ii., "And thus they returned us answer, saying, we are servants of the God of heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ago, which a great king of Israel builded and set up." The preacher remarked that these were lines for all church restorers, and that by keeping within them they could proceed safely. In the present case they had made no new thing, but had rebuilt that which perhaps was built with greater beauty 500 years ago.
He pointed out the importance of church restoration, and that it was a peculiarly fitting season for the revival of religious life. There was a need for greater earnest-ness among both clergy and laity in face of Scepticism and infidelity. He enlarged upon the importance of both clergy and laity holding fast in the precious faith once delivered to the Church, and upon the value of the Church's teaching being properly recognised. The collection after service was for the restoration fund. It amounted to £23 1s. 0d.
After service the clergy returned to the school-room, and after unrobing there, proceeded to the Vicarage grounds, where they took refreshments. There was a service in the evening, and the sermon was preached by Dr Lumby, Norrisian Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. The offertories at morning and evening service on Sunday next will be in aid of the restoration fund. The Rector will preach in the morning, and the Rev E W Cory in the evening.
The following particulars with regard to the now nearly completed work of restoration have been supplied to us through the courtesy of the architect, Mr White, and the Rector of the parish:-
"The chancel of the church, which is of noble proportions, consists of three bays, and is of early 15th century date. Through age and decay it had become very dilapidated, the walls having spread from each other about eleven inches at the top, and the roof itself from six to eight inches more, partly perhaps in consequence of the removal of original tie-beams.
"In regard to the renovations which have been carried out, it was hoped that the old oak roof might be saved. This, however, proved to be impossible, and nearly all the material timbers have been renewed. It had been sealed under the braced rafters and collars with very thin oak boarding, painted in distemper with some crude colouring, principally yellow and black. This was found to have superseded an earlier planking of oak which had gone to decay. Very many of the ribs, with traceried intersections had disappeared, together with some of the shields which covered the intersections. Some of the latter remained in situ with their emblazoned coats of arms. These were originally put up as commemorative of many county families who had perhaps contributed towards their first erection from some interest they may have had in the place. Their devices and positions had been carefully noted in a manuscript history of Cambridgeshire still existing in the library of Wimpole Hall. By the aid of this book, they have been restored to their original form and place, together with the deficient ribs, and traceried intersections. The new roof has been secured with iron ties, which entirely relieve the lateral pressure upon the walls. The decayed portions of the windows have been cut out, and renewed with stone from the Ancaster and Grinshill quarries; and the glazing rearranged.
"The north west pier of the chancel arch, which was in a sinking condition from want of foundation, has been entirely rebuilt. The exterior plastering of the walls has been removed, and the walls repaired and pointed.
"The local clunch of which dressed stonework was composed, is usually liable to decay, and the new stone for the dressed work has been brought from Yeovil and Grinshill.
"It was found necessary to re-build the walls of the ancient vestry. The floor of the chancel has been re-paved with Godwin's tiles, with the old monumental ledgers introduced. The old stalls have been replaced, but new altar rails, table, and cover have been provided."
"Two service books for the Communion table, handsomely bound in morocco, also a brass reading stand, were presented as memorial gifts by the Widow of the late William Law, rector of the parish from 1836 to 1859. Each book contains a record of the presentation The south aisle and clerestory wall over the porch have been restored to a similar extent.
"The clerestory windows have been almost entirely renewed, and the southern portion of the porch rebuilt with Ancaster stone.
"Two interesting windows of the fourteenth century were discovered in the side wall of the porch. These have been restored, and the roof has been renewed. The bells were taken down in 1875 by the advice of the Diocesan Surveyor in his report to the Archdeacon of Ely. They cannot be swung for ringing without danger to the tower, but the may be re-hung so as to be chimed for service with perfect safety. The cost of re-building the tower would be not less than £1,500, and there is no hope at present of raising this sum. meanwhile the bells lie idle on the floor of the belfry. It is proposed to re-hang them for chiming. The cost will be about £85."

21 September 1883
Orwell - Reading Room - This village is progressing a pertinent sign of which is the opening of a subscription reading room on Monday next; which will be supplied with the daily and weekly newspapers as well as the chief magazines of the day. The room will be open for about three hours each weekday evening.

23 May 1884
Orwell - Concert - On Monday evening a very successful concert was given in the schoolroom, in aid of the funds of the Cricket Club - there was a fairly good attendance, and the following programme was executed in a most satisfactory manner, eliciting frequent encores.
Part I
Pianoforte Duet - 'Sleigh bells' - Miss Whitechurch and Miss Russell.
Song - 'Alice,Where Art Thou?' - Mr J Hulls.
Song - 'Love Hail'd a Little Maid' - Miss A Whitechurch.
Song - 'The Broken Pitcher' - Miss K Morris.
Song - 'Come into the Garden, Maud' - Mr C Crawley.
Duet - 'When the Wind Blows in from the Sea' - Mrs E Prime & Mr J Hulls.
Song - 'Why should London Wait' - Mr H Oliver.
Song - 'A Bunch of Cowslips' - Miss A Smith.
Song - 'I Tell them my Father's a Marquis' - Mr H H Russell.
Song - 'Thee Masher King' - Mr B J Warren.
Part II
Pianoforte Solo.
Song - 'Loved Once, Loved Ever' - Mrs E Prime.
Song - 'Seamus O'Brien' - Mr J Warren.
Song - 'Once Again' - Mr C Crawley.
Duet - 'Money Matters' - Miss K Morris & Mr H R Russell.
Song - Mrs S Oliver.
Song - 'Farewell to Erin' Miss Yate.
Duet - 'All's Well' - Messrs J Hulls & C Crawley.
Song - 'Good-bye,Sweetheart' - M J Hulls.
Song - 'Across the River' - Miss A Whitechurch.
Song - 'Oh dem Golden Slippers' - Mr B J Warren.
God Save the Queen.
At the conclusion of the concert, on the proposition of the Vicar, a vote of thanks was unanimously accorded to the ladies and gentlemen who had so kindly given their services, and much praise is due to Mr Haskins for his exertions in bringing together such a strong body of amateurs and providing such an enjoyable entertainment.

1 August 1884
Orwell - Peculiar Death - Yesterday morning the county coroner Mr C W Palmer held an inquest at the Old English Gentleman public house, in this village, touching the death of an old man, named Joseph Palmer, a retired farmer, 70 years of age. It appears the deceased was riding in a cart to Gamlingay, in company with a man named Miller, on 21st July. They were going up Croydon Hill, when the man Miller heard a noise, and on looking round he saw the deceased lying on the ground. He went and lifted him up, after which he was put into a cart. Deceased said the belly band was broken, but it was not. It was supposed the deceased over-balanced himself while looking round and fell out of the cart. Eliza Ann Summerlin, cousin of the deceased, said she went to see the deceased on the previous Tuesday at about 7 o'clock. He was up and down all through the night. He eventually went to the closet, and she did not see him again alive. Finding he did not return she went to the door and found it fastened. She procured assistance, and on the door being broken open, they found the man. Mr L M Earl, surgeon, of Melbourn, deposed that the cause of death was fatty degeneration of the heart, accelerated by shock to the system, consequent of falling from the cart, and the jury returned a verdict accordingly.
3 October 1884
Orwell - Accident - On Saturday last a boy named Sidney Smith was riding a horse at this village when the animal took fright at a traction engine, and the boy was thrown violently to the ground and the horse trod on one of his legs, breaking the ankle. He was taken to Addenbrooke's Hospital, where it was found necessary to detain him.

31 October 1884
Orwell - Supper - On Friday evening, October 17th. a supper was given in the new Infants school, by Mr Warboys, of Toft, the contractor, to the men employed on the work. There were also present the Rev H C A Taylor (Rector), Mr P Meyer, Messrs Law, Huddlestone, Lane, and Russell. The supper being ended, The Rev A H Taylor took the chair, proposed 'The Queen and Royal Family and afterwards said a few words concerning the new school, and proposed the health of 'The Contractor'. Mr Meyer proposed the health of 'The Architect' (Mr Geo Grant of London). On Mr Meyer leaving the room, his health was drunk with musical honours. The remainder of the evening was spent in singing, &c.

Continues at: Part Two (1885-1899)
High Street, Orwell c1905
High Street, Orwell c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.
Orwell Parish Church c1905
Orwell Parish Church c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.

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