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A local history and genealogy site for Wimpole, a village and parish in South Cambridgeshire.
Curated by Steve Odell.

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Orwell Census 1891 - New Orwell
Cambridge Road.
Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road known as 'New Orwell' is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.

New Orwell, Cambridge Road c1910
New Orwell, Cambridge Road, c1910
Looking westwards, the houses on the left (south) were in 'New Orwell', in the Parish of Orwell.
The houses on the right (north) were in 'New Wimpole', in the Parish of Wimpole.


The 1891 Census for Orwell, Cambridgeshire.
Reference: Ref.RG13/1521(with acknowledgement to the Public Record Office)
Date of Census: 5 April 1891
There is a national Census every ten years when the year ends in a one. This page details the population of the Parish of Orwell on the night of 5 April 1891 (the list include children and visitors from outside the parish in temporary residence within Orwell on the date of the census).
My thanks and acknowledgements to the 'census team' who provided the documentation and who typed and checked the various page transcripts. Particular thanks to Mike Giddings, Susan Giddings, Alexandra Morton and John Parkins for all their help, assistance and encouragement.
Columns (left to right):
   1. Name.
   2. Relation to Head of Household.
   3. Married, Widow, Widowed or Unmarried (18 years and over).
   4. Age.
   5. Occupation.
   6. Place of Birth.
The house numbers shown below were those used in 1891 and therefore unlikely to relate to present day postal addresses.
[Information, notes and comments additional to the 1891 Census are generally shown italicised within square brackets]

Census Records (Parish of Orwell):
Census 1881: Part One Part Two Part Three New Orwell [2]
Census 1891: Part One [1] Part Two [1] Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1901: Part One [1] Part Two [1] Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
[1] These pages are being rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings remain available for reference during the rebuilding.
[2] Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, much of the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road, previously known as 'New Orwell', is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] The 1881 Census is rebuilt and complete as are the three 'New Orwell' pages.

1891 Census continued from Part Three

"Fox and Hounds" (P.H.)
Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2] ['Foxhounds', 71 Cambridge Road. Wimpole]
(Schedule 98)
George PEDLEY Head [3] M 48 Groom Croydon, Cambridgeshire
Susan PEDLEY Wife M 47   Halstead, Essex
Flora PEDLEY Daughter   6 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Now a private residence named 'Foxhounds' at 71 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[2] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the dwelling is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] Heads: 1881 Census: George Pedley.

'The Queen Victoria', New Orwell, c1905
"The Queen Victoria", Cambridge Road, New Orwell c1905
Schedule 99 (below).

"The Queen Victoria" (P.H.)
Cambridge Road, New Orwell.
[1][2] [Building Demolished]
(Schedule 99)
Oliver NEWELL Head [3] M 45 Blacksmith and Publican Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Martha NEWELL Wife M 44   Mordon, Cambridgeshire
William NEWELL Son S 15 Blacksmith's Apprentice Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Richard NEWELL Son S 12 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Maud NEWELL Daughter   10 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Jessie NEWELL Daughter   5 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Hannah NEWELL Sister S 69 Housekeeper Domestic Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] "The Queen Victoria" Tavern, said to have been named to honour Queen Victoria's visit to Wimpole in 1843. It sold "Fine Royston Ales" in 1905. I don't know the date the pub was demolished but the 'Orwell Past and Present' website says "'The Queen Victoria' was still serving customers into the 1950s." Later the site became 'Majestic Motors' (garage and famous bus-stop) which was demolished in turn around 2005. Now the site of modern housing.
[2] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the site is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[3]
Heads: 1881 Census: Mortimer Smith. 1901 Census: Oliver Newell.

Manager's House
Cambridge Road
, New Orwell.
[1][2][3] ['Rose Villa', 39 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 100)
James SMITH Head [4] M 61 Brewer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Emily SMITH Wife M 56 Whaddon, Cambridgeshire
Annie SMITH Daughter S 29 Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] This the 'Manager's House', built c1876 by the Meyer brothers as accommodation for the Manager at their new brewery next door.
[2] Now a private residence named "Rose Villa" with modern postal address 39 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: James Smith. 1901 Census: Unoccupied.

"Oatlands", New Orwell 1922
Schedule 101 (below)

"Oatlands" House and Estate
Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2] ['Orwell Grange', Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 101)
Philip MEYER Head [3] S 62 Brewer, Maltster, Wine and Spirit Merchant Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur H MEYER Brother S 56 Brewer, Maltster, Wine and Spirit Merchant Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Hannah BONNETT Sister W 63   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
John BONNETT Nephew Visitor S 40 Solicitor Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Harriett BONNETT Boarder S 49   Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Mary A CLARK Cook S 21 Domestic Servant Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Henrietta WHITBY Parlour-Maid S 25 Domestic Servant New Zealand, British Subject
Emily CARTER Head-Housemaid S 17 Domestic Servant Barrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] House (built c1876) and estate belonging to local brewers and farmers Philip and Arthur Meyer. The house was originally named "Oatlands" after a nearby field, and is currently named "Orwell Grange". For more information and history of the adjoining brewery, please visit The Old Brewery Building, Cambridge Road, 1908-1918.
[2] At the time of the census, this estate was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] Heads: 1881 Census: Philip Meyer.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell c1905
Schedule 102 to 111 (right to left)

Heads No 15 (No 17) No 19 No 21 No 23 No 25 No 27 No 29 No 31 (No 33)
1881: Newell - Miller Arthur Rayner Charter Hagger Barker Wilkins Wilkins
1891: Walker Matthews Miller Arthur Rayner Charter Hagger Barker Wilkins Wilkins
1901: Wilkins Reed Wilkins Rodwell Rayner Taylor Bullen Wilkins Wilkins Rule
1911: Brotherton - Knight Scott Rayner Pearson Heaton Ferguson Freestone Williams

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 102)
John WILKINS Head [4] M 45 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth WILKINS Wife M 41 Harlton, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the first of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence incorporating much of Schedule 103 (below). The theoretical number for this property should be (and might have been at some point) No 33 but a previous owner kept the number sequence intact and adopted [or was given] 31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, as the modern postal address for the combined dwelling. Number 33 has since been re-used for a recently built property (c2014).
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: John Wilkins.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 103)
Edward WILKINS Head [4] M 55 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Rebecca WILKINS Wife M 56 Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Edward WILKINS Son S 20 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
John WILKINS Son S 18 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur WILKINS Son S 16 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ralph WILKINS Son 12 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the second of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence. However, the front door of the original cottage has been blocked off and the interior combined with Schedule 102 (above). The combined property uses 31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, as the modern postal address.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: Edward Wilkins.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [29 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 104)
James BARKER Head [4] M 53 Brewer's Labourer Maltster Broughing, Hertfordshire
Susan BARKER Wife M 57 Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Charles D BARKER Son S 24 Brewers Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the third of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 29 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: James Barker.


Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [27 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 105)
William HAGGER Head [4] W 58 Agricultural Labourer Bourne, Cambridgeshire
Eliza Ann HAGGER Daughter S 21 Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the fourth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 27 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: William Hagger.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [25 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 106)
John CHARTER Head [4] M 42 Engine Driver (Brewer's ) Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Susan E CHARTER Wife M 42 Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ernest W CHARTER Son 10 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Martha E CHARTER Daughter 7 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Oliver J CHARTER Son 5 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Edward CHARTER Son 2 Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the fifth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 25 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: John Charter.


Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [23 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 107)
Robert H RAYNOR Head [5] M 42 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Martha RAYNOR [4] Wife M 37 Croydon, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the sixth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 23 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Martha Rayner ran the village shop from her front parlour at this address for many years.
[5] Heads: 1881 Census: Robert H Rayner. 1901 Census: Robert H Rayner.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [21 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 108)
Allen ARTHUR Head [4] M 46 Gardener (Domestic) Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
Betsy ARTHUR Wife M 48 Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
Lilly ARTHUR Daughter 10 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Annie ARTHUR Daughter 8 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Esther ARTHUR Daughter 5 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the last of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 21 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: Allen Arthur. 1901 Census: George Rodwell

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [19 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 109)
Joseph MILLER Head [4] M 39 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Eliza F MILLER Wife M 37 Great Abington, Cambridgeshire
Alice E MILLER Daughter 11 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Annie MILLER Daughter 7 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the first of the three 'lower' terrace cottages (see the photograph above). This mid-terrace cottage was built after the original semi-detached cottages at schedule 110 and 111 below (built either as an simple addition or as a later infill development) but it probably pre-dates the c1876 terrace.
[2] Now a private residence with modern address 19 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: Joseph Miller.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=17 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 110)
William MATTHEWS Head [4] M 30 Farm Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ann MATTHEWS Wife M 31 Haslingfield, Cambridgeshire
William J MATTHEWS Son 1 Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the middle of the three 'lower' terrace cottages [see the photograph above). It was built no later than 1840 as one of a pair of semi-detached cottages and pre-dates the later c1876 terrace by some 35 years.
[2] Now a private residence with a theoretical modern address of 17 Cambridge Road, Wimpole. In practice, the cottage has been combined internally with 15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole and this is the postal address now used by both properties.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: (probably) Oliver Newell.

Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Schedule 111)
Abraham WALKER Head [4] M 31 Blacksmith Guilden Morden, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth WALKER Wife M 30 Coleshill, Warwickshire
Frederick C WALKER Son 2 Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Lucy TAPPING Sister-
in- Law
S 24 Amersham, Buckinghamshire

[1] Moving west to east (from right to left viewed from the road) this is the last of the three 'lower' terrace cottages (see the photograph above). It was built no later than 1840 as one of a pair of semi-detached cottages and pre-dates the later c1876 terrace by some 35 years.
[2] Now a private residence at modern postal address 15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Heads: 1881 Census: Oliver Newell.

End of the 1891 Census for the Parish of Orwell.

Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.

Orwell Parish Church c1905
Orwell Parish Church c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.


This page was last updated on: 05 September 2019.


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