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A local history and genealogy site for Wimpole, a village and parish in South Cambridgeshire.
Curated by Steve Odell.

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1881 Census for the Parish of Orwell (New Orwell)
New Orwell, Cambridge Road > [Post-1999] Wimpole, Cambridge Road
Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the area of Orwell on the
Cambridge Road known as 'New Orwell' is now mostly part of the Parish of Wimpole.


New Orwell, Cambridge Road c1910
New Orwell, Cambridge Road, c1910
Looking westwards, the houses on the left (south) were in 'New Orwell', in the Parish of Orwell.
The houses on the right (north) were in 'New Wimpole', in the Parish of Wimpole.
[Image kindly donated by Brenda and Michael Skinner (2002)]


The 1891 Census for Orwell, Cambridgeshire.
Reference: Ref.RG13/1521 (with acknowledgement to the Public Record Office)
Date of Census: 3 April 1881
There is a national Census every ten years when the year ends in a one. This page details the population of the Parish of Orwell on the night of 3 April 1881 (the list include children and visitors from outside the parish in temporary residence within Orwell on the date of the census).
My thanks and acknowledgements to the 'census team' who provided the documentation and who typed and checked the various page transcripts back in 2002/2003. Particular thanks to Mike Giddings, Susan Giddings, Alexandra Morton and John Parkins for all their help, assistance and encouragement. Any errors are probably mine.
Columns (left to right):
   1. Name.
   2. Relation to Head of Household.
   3. Married, Widow, Widowed or Unmarried (18 years and over).
   4. Age.
   5. Occupation.
   6. Place of Birth.
The house numbers shown below were those used in 1881 and therefore unlikely to relate to present day postal addresses.
[Information, notes and comments additional to the 1881 Census are generally shown italicised within square brackets]
I would be pleased to hear from you if you can offer any additional genealogical or family information relevant to this page, especially if you possess old photographs that could be added to this site for those who follow. Please use the site's Contact Page in the first instance.

Census Records (Parish of Orwell):
Census 1881: Part One Part Two Part Three New Orwell [2]
Census 1891: Part One Part Two Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1901: Part One [1] Part Two [1] Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
[1] These pages are being rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings remain available for reference during the rebuilding.
[2] Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, much of the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road, previously known as 'New Orwell', is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] The 1881 Orwell Census is rebuilt and complete as are all three 'New Orwell' pages.

The 1881 Census for Orwell continued from Part Three

1 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1] [1 Turnpike Cottages, Cambridge Road, Orwell]
(Folio 28 Schedule 45)
Alfred CHAPMAN Head M 36 Agricultural Labourer Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire
Emma CHAPMAN Wife M 33   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
William CHAPMAN Son   12 Agricultural Labourer Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire
Jane CHAPMAN   9 Scholar Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire
George CHAPMAN Son   6 Scholar Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire
Julia CHAPMAN   4   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Florence CHAPMAN   5m   Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] This property was listed as New Orwell in the 1881 census. It was not affected by the April 1999 parish boundary changes and it remains situated within the Parish of Orwell.

2 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1] [2 Turnpike Cottages, Cambridge Road, Orwell]
(Folio 29 Schedule 46)
John SELL Head M 39 Ag Lab Littlington Cambridgeshire
Harriet SELL Wife M 40   Littlington Cambridgeshire
John SELL Son   19 Ag Lab Littlington Cambridgeshire
Charles SELL Son   13 Ag Lab Littlington Cambridgeshire
Geoffrey SELL Son   12 Ag Lab Littlington Cambridgeshire
Martha SELL Daughter   8 Scholar Littlington Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth SELL Daughter   6 Scholar Littlington Cambridgeshire
Arthur SELL Son   5 Scholar Male Littlington
William SELL Son   2   Orwell Cambridgeshire

[1] This property was listed as New Orwell in the 1881 census. It was not affected by the April 1999 parish boundary changes and it remains situated within the Parish of Orwell.

Brewery Cottages, Cambridge Road, New Orwell c1905
Brewery Cottages

Heads No 15 (No 17) No 19 No 21 No 23 No 25 No 27 No 29 No 31 (No 33)
1881: Newell - Miller Arthur Rayner Charter Hagger Barker Wilkins Wilkins
1891: Walker Matthews Miller Arthur Rayner Charter Hagger Barker Wilkins Wilkins
1901: Wilkins Reed Wilkins Rodwell Rayner Taylor Bullen Wilkins Wilkins Rule
1911: Brotherton - Knight Scott Rayner Pearson Heaton Ferguson Freestone Williams

3 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 29)
Oliver NEWELL Head M 37 Blacksmith
(Master - employs 2 men and 1 app)
Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Martha NEWELL Wife M 36   Morden, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth NEWELL Daughter   8 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Richard NEWELL Son   2   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
George NEWELL Father W 86 Blacksmith Wrestlingworth, Bedfordshire
Abraham WALKER Boarder U 21 Blacksmith's Apprentice Morden, Cambridgeshire
Eliza CLARK Servant U 20 General Servant (Domestic) Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this end-terrace cottage was built by 1840 and pre-dates the later c1876 terrace by some 35 years. It was originally built as a stand-alone semi-detached cottage.
[2] It is believed that the Newells probably occupied the two end cottages at the time of the census (see note below). Now a private residence at modern postal address 15 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.

The Newell family are recorded as occupying the end terrace cottage (No 3 as above), which was alongside their Forge and Blacksmith's Shop and yard. The Millers' appear to be occupying the 'third' terrace cottage from the end [as they do in the 1891 census] recorded as No 4 (below). Therefore the middle cottage between the two is is not recorded and we are missing one of the three 'front doors' in the 'lower' terrace. The assumption is that either the middle cottage was unoccupied [not stated by the census enumerator] or, and perhaps more likely, the Newell family with their border and servant occupied both end cottages and recorded as a single unit by the enumerator. The 'middle' cottage would today have the theoretical address of 17 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, although practically it has been absorbed into postal address No 15.

4 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [19 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 29)
Joseph MILLER Head M 29 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Eliza F MILLER Wife M 28   Abington, Cambridgeshire
Alice A MILLER Daughter   1   Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] This mid-terrace cottage was built after the original two semi-detached cottages (either as an simple addition or as a later infill development) but probably pre-dates the later c1876 terrace.
[2] Now a private residence with modern address 19 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.

5 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [21 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 29)
Allen ARTHUR Head [4] M 36 Gardener Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
Betsy ARTHUR Wife M 38   Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
Frederick ARTHUR Son   15 Agricultural Labourer Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
James ARTHUR Son   13 Agricultural Labourer Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
Florence ARTHUR Daughter   11 Scholar Eltisley, Cambridgeshire
George ARTHUR Son   8 Scholar Fen Stanton, Huntingdonshire
Rosa ARTHUR Daughter   3   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Lily ARTHUR Daughter   9m Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this is the first of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 21 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: Allen Arthur.

6 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [23 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 30)
Robert H RAYNER Head [5] M 32 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Martha RAYNER [4] Wife M 28   Croydon, Cambridgeshire
James LAW Brother-in-Law U 36 Coprolite Digger Croydon, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this is the second of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 23 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Martha Rayner ran the village shop from her front parlour at this address for many years.
[5]
Future Heads: 1891 Census: Robert H Rayner.

7 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [25 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 30)
John CHARTER Head [4] M 32 Brewer's Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Susan E CHARTER Wife M 32   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur G CHARTER Son   9 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Alfred J CHARTER Son   7 Scholar Croydon, Cambridgeshire
Albert E CHARTER Son   5 Scholar Croydon, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth A CHARTER Daughter   3 Orwell, Huntingdonshire
Ernest W CHARTER Son   1m   Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this is the third of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 25 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: John Charter.


8 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [27 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 30)
William HAGGER Head [4] M 48 Agricultural Labourer Bourn, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth HAGGER Wife M 48   Bourn, Cambridgeshire
Eliza HAGGER Daughter   11   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Arthur HAGGER Son   9 Scholar Comberton, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this is the fourth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 27 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: William Hagger.

9 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [29 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 30)
James BARKER Head [4] M 44 Brewers Labourer Baughing, Hertfordshire
Susan BARKER Wife M 48   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Charles BARKER Son   14 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Sarah A BARKER Daughter   8 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this is the fifth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence with modern postal address 29 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: James Barker.


10 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 46 Schedule 30)
Edward WILKINS Head [4] M 45 Brewers Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Rebecca WILKINS Wife M 46   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Henry WILKINS Son U 18 Gardener Arrington, Cambridgeshire
William WILKINS Son   15 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Sarah E WILKINS Daughter   14   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Edward WILKINS Son   10 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
John WILKINS Son   8 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur WILKINS Son   6 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ralph WILKINS Son   2 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this is the sixth of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence. However, the front door of this cottage has been blocked off and the premises combined with No 11 (below). The combined property uses 31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, as the modern postal address.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: Edward Wilkins.

11 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2][3] [=31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 47 Schedule 31)
John WILKINS Head (4) M 35 Brewers Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth WILKINS Wife M 35   Harlton, Cambridgeshire
Charles H WILKINS Son   12 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Albert R WILKINS Son   8 Scholar Orwell Cambridgeshire
Susanna CONSTABLE Boarder U 26 Schoolmistress Harlton, Cambridgeshire

[1] Still working east to west (from left to right viewed from the road), this end-terrace is the last of the seven 'taller' terrace cottages (see the photograph above) built c1876 by the Meyer brothers to house workers at their new brewery. Often referred to as the 'Brewery Cottages' although the row was re-named 'Rose Cottages' for a period between the 1920s and 1950s.
[2] Now a private residence incorporating much of No 10 (above). The theoretical number for this property should be (and might have been at some point) No 33 but a previous owner kept the number sequence intact and adopted 31 Cambridge Road, Wimpole, as the modern postal address for the combined dwelling. Number 33 has since been re-used for a recently built property (c2014).
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: John Wilkins.

"Oatlands", New Orwell 1922
See 12, Schedule 31 (below)

"Oatlands" House and Estate
12 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2] ['Orwell Grange', Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 47 Schedule 31)
Philip MEYER Head [3] U 53 Brewer and Master
(Master employs 14 men and 1 boy)
Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur H MEYER Brother U 46 Brewer and Master with brother (partner) Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Hannah BONNETT Sister W 53 Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Harriet BONNETT Boarder U 39   Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Mary E ROSE Servant U 31 Cook -
Domestic Servant
St Ives, Huntingdon
Mary DARLOW Servant U 20 Domestic Servant Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ann MILLS Servant U 21 Domestic Servant Haslingfield, Cambridgeshire

[1] House (built c1876) and estate belonging to local brewers and farmers Philip and Arthur Meyer. The house was originally named "Oatlands" after a nearby field, and is currently named "Orwell Grange". For more information and history of the adjoining brewery, please visit The Old Brewery Building, Cambridge Road, 1908-1918.
[2] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: Philip Meyer. 1901 Census: Philip Meyer

Manager's House
13 Cambridge Road
, New Orwell.
[1][2][3] ['Rose Villa', 39 Cambridge Road, Wimpole]
(Folio 47 Schedule 31)
James SMITH Head [3] M 51 Brewer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Emily SMITH Wife M 47   Whaddon, Cambridgeshire
Anne SMITH Daughter U 19 Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Helena SMITH Daughter U 18   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Charles SMITH Son   15   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Albert SMITH Son   13 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] This the 'Manager's House', built c1876 by the Meyer brothers as accommodation for the Manager at their new brewery next door.
[2] Now a private residence named "Rose Villa" with modern postal address 39 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[3] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[4] Future Heads: 1891 Census: James Smith


'The Queen Victoria', New Orwell, c1905
"The Queen Victoria", Cambridge Road, New Orwell c1905
Schedule 31 (below).

"The Queen Victoria" (P.H.)
14 Cambridge Road
, New Orwell.
[1][2]
(Folio 47 Schedule 31)
Mortimer SMITH Head [3] M 35 Bootmaker and Publican Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Caroline SMITH Wife M 33   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Jeanette SMITH Daughter   10 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Emily SMITH Daughter   8 Scholar Orwell, Cambridgeshire

[1] "The Queen Victoria" Tavern, said to have been named to honour Queen Victoria's visit to Wimpole in 1843. It sold "Fine Royston Ales" in 1905. I don't know the date the pub was demolished but the 'Orwell Past and Present' website says "'The Queen Victoria' was still serving customers into the 1950s." Later the site became 'Majestic Motors' (garage and famous bus-stop) which was demolished in turn around 2005. Now the site of modern housing.
[2] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, the site is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[3]
Future Heads: 1891 Census: Oliver Newell.

"Fox and Hounds" (P.H.)
15 Cambridge Road, New Orwell. [1][2] ('Foxhounds', 71 Cambridge Road, Wimpole)
(Folio 47 Schedule 32)
George PEDLEY Head [3] M 37 Publican Croydon, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth PEDLEY Daughter   6   Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Caroline MILLER Mother-in-Law W 65 Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Moses MULBERRY Visitor U 61 Agricultural Labourer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Now a private residence named 'Foxhounds' with modern postal address 71 Cambridge Road, Wimpole.
[2] At the time of the census, this property was situated within the Parish of Orwell. Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, this property is now in the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] Future Heads: 1891 Census: George Pedley.

The 1881 Census for the Parish of Orwell ends here.

Census Records (Parish of Wimpole):
Census 1881: New Wimpole Out and About Wimpole Estate [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1891: Wimpole Estate [1] New Wimpole [1] Out and About [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1901: New Wimpole [1] Out and About [1] Wimpole Estate [1] New Orwell [2]
[1] These pages will be rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings will remain available for reference during the rebuilding.
[2] Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, much of the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road, previously known as 'New Orwell', is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.
Census Records (Parish of Arrington):
Census 1881: Part One   Part Two   [Both parts complete]
Census 1891: Part One [1]   Part Two [1]
[1] These pages are being rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings will remain available for reference during the rebuilding.

Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Town Green Road, Orwell c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.

Orwell Parish Church c1905
Orwell Parish Church c1905
Image from a postcard in my collection.


This page was last updated on: 09 September 2019.


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