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A local history and genealogy site for Wimpole, a village and parish in South Cambridgeshire.
Curated by Steve Odell.

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1881 Census for the Parish of Arrington (Part Two)
Alms House > School House > Old North Road > Farmhouse >
Arrington Mill Farm > Old North Road (con.)
A local history and genealogy page for the Parish of Wimpole.

Mr Joseph Smoothy and the Arrington Post Office c1900
Mr Joseph Smoothy's Grocers Shop
and the Arrington Post Office, c1900.


The 1881 Census for Arrington, Cambridgeshire.
Reference: Ref. RG13/1521 (with acknowledgement to the Public Record Office)
Date of Census: 3 April 1881
There is a national Census every ten years when the year ends in a one. This page details the population of the Parish of Arrington on the night of 3 April 1881 (the list includes children and visitors from outside the parish in temporary residence within Arrington on the night of the census).
The population of the Parish of Arrington on the night of the 1881 Census was: 243.
My thanks and acknowledgements to the 'census team' who provided the documentation and who typed and checked the various page transcripts back in 2002/2003. Particular thanks to Mike Giddings, Susan Giddings, Alexandra Morton and John Parkins for all their help, assistance and encouragement. Any errors are probably mine.
Columns (left to right):
   1. Name.
   2. Relation to Head of Household.
   3. Married, Widow, Widowed or Unmarried (18 years and over).
   4. Age.
   5. Occupation.
   6. Place of Birth.
The census schedule does not relate to modern postal addresses. I have provided the modern postal address if known.
[Information, notes and comments additional to the 1881 Census are generally shown italicised within square brackets]
I would be pleased to hear from you if you can offer any additional genealogical or family information relevant to this page, especially if you possess old photographs that could be added to this site for those who follow. Please use the site's Contact Page in the first instance.

Census Records (Parish of Arrington):
Census 1881: Part One   Part Two   [Both parts complete]
Census 1891: Part One [1]   Part Two [1]
[1] These pages are being rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings will remain available for reference during the rebuilding.

The 1881 Census for the Parish of Arrington continues from Part One:

In the Fields (Schedule 36)
Arrington
Thomas COMPTON Head M 32 Agricultural Labourer Potton, Bedfordshire
Sarah COMPTON Wife M 29   Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire
Andrew COMPTON Son   10 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Mahala COMPTON Daughter     8 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Arrington Almshouses c1900
Inmates at the Arrington Almshouse, c1900
The Susan Countess of Hardwicke's Charity

Opposite the ceremonial gateway to Wimpole Hall stands a range of six red-brick alms-houses for 'the poor in Wimpole and Arrington', built to the design of H E Kendall in 1846 for the Countess of Hardwicke. Lady Hardwicke supported the alms-houses and gave a weekly allowance to the inmates, specified to be 'two married couples and four single women (preferably widows), who were to have lived in Wimpole or Arrington for at least seven years' and unable to maintain themselves.
The charity and the almshouses are still active today.

Alms House (Folio 7 Schedule 7)
The Susan Countess of Hardwicke's Charity, Ermine Way, Arrington
37: William WILKINS [1] Head M 77 Gate Keeper Arrington, Cambridgeshire
37: Lydia WILKINS [2] Wife M 75   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

38: Sarah HICKS [3] Head U 70   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

39: Uninhabited - - - - -

40: Lydia BULLEN [4] Head W 69   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

41: Mary CHARTER [5] Head W 80   Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire

42: Edward WILKINS [6] Head M 73 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
42: Sarah WILKINS [7] Wife M 76   Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire

[1] William Wilkins, baptised at Arrington [some PR transcriptions say 'William Wilton'), son of William and Anne, married Lydia Rule at Wimpole on 1 December 1823, buried at Arrington 29 August 1886, aged 82.
[2] Lydia Rule, baptised at Wimpole 11 May 1806, daughter of William and Elizabeth, married William Wilkins at Wimpole on 1 December 1823, buried Arrington 6 July 1883, aged 77.
[3] Sarah Hicks, baptised at Wimpole on 2 March 1811, daughter of James and Lydia, unmarried, buried at Arrington 27 December 1886, aged 75.
[4] Lydia Stanford, baptised at Wimpole 3 June 1810, daughter of William and Sarah, married Edward Bullen at Wimpole on 26 January 1832, buried at Wimpole 11 February 1886, aged 76.
[5] Mary Ann Reynolds, born at Bassingbourn-cum-Kneesworth 16 April 1801, married James Charter (1804-1850) of Clopton-cum-Croydon at Arrington on 13 September 1824, buried Arrington 16 January 1884, aged 83.
[6] Edward Wilkins, baptised Arrington 5 June 1808, son of William and Anne, married Sarah Troop[e] at Arrington on 17 March 1828, buried at Arrington 23 March 1883, aged 73.
[7] Sarah Troop[e], baptised Bassingbourn-cum-Kneesworth in December 1805, daughter of Ralph and Margaret, married Edward Wilkins at Arrington on 17 March 1828, seven children in 19 years, buried Arrington on 7 April 1883, aged 76.

Arrington School, c1920s
School House and Arrington School, c1920s

School House (Schedule 43)
Ermine Way, Arrington
Uninhabited          

Old North Road (Schedule 44) [4]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
Sarah HOWES [1][2][3] Head W 59   Orwell Cambridgeshire [2]
Mary REYNOLDS Niece   10 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Believed born Sarah Collin.
[2] Much confusion about place of birth! The 1851 Census for Arrington states birth at Barden, Herts; 1861 states Arrington, Cambridgeshire; 1881 states Green Recorder, Essex; 1891 states Bearden, Essex; 1901 states Park Green, Essex. However, Arrington parish records record that on the 29 June 1846, William Howes [Howes or Howse] of Arrington, son of William, married Sarah Collin of Orwell, daughter of William and Anne. This seems to be confirmed by the 1841 Census for Orwell which records one Sarah Collin aged 20, born Orwell, Cambridgeshire.
[3] In the 1891 and 1901 census Sarah is listed as living in the Arrington Alms-House. Buried at Arrington on the 4 June 1902, aged 81.
[4] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Schedule 45) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
James MILLER Head M 43 General Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth MILLER Wife M 39   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
John MILLER Son U 19 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Charles MILLER Son     9 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ellen MILLER Daughter     6 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
William MILLER Son     4 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth MILLER Daughter     2   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Folio 7 Schedule 8) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
Charles REYNOLDS Head M 28 General Labourer Orwell, Cambridgeshire
Ellen REYNOLDS   M 27 Wife Croxton, Cambridgeshire
Arthur REYNOLDS Son     2   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
William REYNOLDS Son    1m   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Folio 7 Schedule 8) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
John OSBORNE Head M 41 Carman for Brewer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Lydia OSBORNE Wife M 45   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Folio 7 Schedule 8) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
Elizabeth MOULE Head W 73   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Folio 7 Schedule 8) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
Frederick PELL Head (Lodger)   15 General Labourer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Folio 7 Schedule 8) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
Thomas PATMAN Head M 34 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Eliza PATMAN Wife M 32   Comberton, Cambridgeshire
William PATMAN Son     8 Scholar Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Frederick PATMAN Son     6 Scholar Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
Lydia PATMAN Daughter     2   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Lois PATMAN Daughter   10m   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

Old North Road (Folio 7 Schedule 8) [1]
Crow End [?], Ermine Way, Arrington
John CHARTER Head M 64 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth CHARTER Wife M 61   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
William CHARTER Son U 24 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth CHARTER Daughter U 21 Dressmaker Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Eliza CHARTER Grand-daughter     3   Kingston, Cambridgeshire
Frederick CHARTER Grandson     2   Kingston, Cambridgeshire

[1] Although not stated in the Census, it is likely that this entry refers to one of a row of eight thatched cottages collectively known as 'Crow End', presumably listed south to north (left to right from the road). Refer to the c1905 photograph of Crow End at the foot of this page.

"Before each service the Sunday School was held in the Chicheley Chapel. It largely consisted in rote work. As his coadjutor in this my father had an Arrington man, John Charters; he was a Wesleyan, and sometimes had field preachings in the meadow behind his cottage under Arrington hill. He was a good and religious man, a blacksmith by trade. He had charge of the boys on the benches in the central passage during service. I see him now in his brown velveteen, with finger ever ready to slip between the pages of his large brown Prayer Book, the more effectually to swing it against some mischievous head.
"One summer afternoon from his eyrie in the pulpit, my father saw two tramps creeping barefoot past the church to make an inroad on the rectory. He signalled to John Charters to go out and keep guard. And he signalled again and again. Each signal was misinterpreted as a call to exercise discipline on his charges. John's Prayer Book played about their heads, as Samson's jawbone upon the men of Lehi. His pathway was strewn with weeping, groaning boyhood. From that day John was dubbed 'the boy banger'."
- Rev Alexander Campbell Yorke (Writing in "Wimpole As I Knew It")

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 9)
Ermine Way, Arrington
Joseph WAGSTAFF Head M 64 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Sarah WAGSTAFF Laundress M 59   East Hatley, Cambridgeshire
George Joseph WAGSTAFF Grandson   11 Scholar Bourn, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 9)
Ermine Way, Arrington
Charles CHARTER Head M 49 Postman Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ellen CHARTER Wife M 48   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Farmhouse, Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 9) [1]
Valley Farm [?] Ermine Way, Arrington
George FOSTER Head M 63 Farmer
296 Acres Employing 5 Men & 3 Boys
Great Ravely, Huntingdonshire
Mary FOSTER Wife M 64   Steeple Morden, Cambridgeshire
Isaac FOSTER Brother U 42 Farmer's Brother Woodwalton, Huntingdonshire
James BARRANCE Servant U 29 Horse keeper Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ada PETT Servant   14 General Servant Domestic Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] Valley Farm? [later known as Wragg's Farm?]

Windmill 1934
Arrington Mill 1934
The front view of the remains of the wind-powered tower mill (corn).
Photographed by Donald William Muggeridge,on the 24th June 1934.
Copyright © Special Collections, University of Kent at Canterbury


In 1827, a James Corney of Arrington applied for a loan to expand his business and it is thought the mill was constructed at this time. The mill, a tower windmill, stood on Arrington Hill and was worked by the Corney family for much of the 19th century. In 1891 it was described as a windmill with auxiliary steam power, and it was still working in 1908. By 1926 the building was derelict and the top had been blown off. In 1968 the remains of the mill were used for storage.

Mill House, Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 9)
Mill Lane, off Ermine Way, Arrington
Daniel CORNEY Head M 66 Miller Royston, Hertfordshire
Elizabeth CORNEY Wife M 59   Morden, Cambridgeshire
James CORNEY Son U 34 Miller Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire
Henry CORNEY Son U 29 Miller Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Annie CORNEY Daughter U 26   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur CORNEY Son   17 Carpenter Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Frederick CORNEY Son   14 Carpenter Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 9)
Ermine Way, Arrington
David PATEMAN Head M 76 Carpenter Morden, Cambridgeshire
Mary PATEMAN Wife M 74   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 9)
Ermine Way, Arrington
William MATTHEWS Head M 52 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Jane MATTHEWS Wife M 49   Wimpole, Cambridgeshire
James MATTHEWS Son U 17 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Philip MATTHEWS Son   15 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Agnes MATTHEWS Daughter   12 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Alice MATTHEWS Daughter     8 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Frank MATTHEWS Grandson     4 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 10)
Ermine Way, Arrington
John HARRADINE Head M 57 Agricultural Labourer Bourn, Cambridgeshire
Mary HARRADINE Wife M 59   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

[1] "A dirty, slatternly family, of bad reputation, named Harradine, lived in one of the cottages just above the Valley Farm." - Rev Alexander Campbell Yorke (Writing in "Wimpole As I Knew It")

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 10)
Ermine Way, Arrington
William WAGSTAFF Head W 75   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
John WAGSTAFF     45 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Folio 8 Schedule 10)
Ermine Way, Arrington
Elizabeth SMITH Head W 84   Kettering, Northamptonshire
Harriet SMITH Daughter U 48   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Schedule 60)
Ermine Way, Arrington
Ben DELLAR Head M 30 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Sarah DELLAR Wife M 28   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Edith DELLAR Daughter   10 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
David DELLAR Son     8 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
George DELLAR Son     5   Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth DELLAR Daughter     3   Wendy, Cambridgeshire
Rosa DELLAR Daughter   3m   Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Schedule 61 in the Census was for a property in Church Street, Arrington and thus out of locational position. I have moved it to its correct geographical location.

Old North Road (Schedule 62)
Ermine Way, Arrington
William COOPER Head M 47 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Ann COOPER Wife M 41   Croydon, Cambridgeshire
George COOPER Son U 17 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arthur COOPER Son   13 Agricultural Labourer Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Elizabeth COOPER Daughter   11 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Albert COOPER Son     6 Scholar Arrington, Cambridgeshire

Old North Road (Schedule 63)
Ermine Way, Arrington
George DELLAR Head W 76 Agricultural Labourer Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

The 1881 Census for the Parish of Arrington ends here.
The 1891 Census starts here.

Census Records (Parish of Wimpole):
Census 1881: New Wimpole Out and About Wimpole Estate [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1891: Wimpole Estate [1] New Wimpole [1] Out and About [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1901: New Wimpole [1] Out and About [1] Wimpole Estate [1] New Orwell [2]
[1] These pages will be rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings will remain available for reference during the rebuilding.
[2] Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, much of the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road, previously known as 'New Orwell', is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.
Census Records (Parish of Orwell):
Census 1881: Part One Part Two Part Three New Orwell [2]
Census 1891: Part One Part Two [1] Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
Census 1901: Part One [1] Part Two [1] Part Three [1] New Orwell [2]
[1] These pages are being rebuilt after their transfer to the new website. The full Census listings remain available for reference during the rebuilding.
[2] Following a parish boundary change in April 1999, much of the area of Orwell on the Cambridge Road, previously known as 'New Orwell', is now part of the Parish of Wimpole.
[3] The 1881 Orwell Census is rebuilt and complete as are all three 'New Orwell' pages.

This Census listing for Arrington has been fully checked against [1] the handwritten enumerator documents, and [2] the 'Ancestry' transcription of those documents, both available on line.

The Hardwicke Arms, c1920
Arrington: Ermine Street and 'The Hardwicke Arms' c1920.
Looking northwards. The foot of Arrington Hill is just visible in the distance.
[From an early postcard image in my collection]

Arrington Hill, c1905
Crow End, Arrington Hill, Ermine Way, c1905.
Looking northwards. The foot of Arrington Hill is just beyond the second cart.
[From an early postcard image in my collection]

This page was last updated on: 07 October 2019.


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