Site search by Findberry

A local history and genealogy site for Wimpole, a village and parish in South Cambridgeshire.
Curated by Steve Odell.

Home     Parish Register Hub     Yorke Family Vault     The Chicheley Family

The Yorke Family - 2nd Earl of Hardwicke
The Yorke Family of Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire (1740-1894) - Page Two
A local history and genealogy site for the Parish of Wimpole

Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire

The Yorke Family - the Family Groups by Marriage
This is the second of five reference pages giving basic biographical details of the principal members of the Yorke family, taking the lineage down through the five Earls of Hardwicke who owned Wimpole from 1740 to 1894.
Page One: Philip Yorke (1st Earl) and Margaret Lygon (Cocks) [in preparation]
Page Two: Philip Yorke (2nd Earl) and Jemima Campbell
Page Three: Philip Yorke (3rd Earl) and Elizabeth Scot Lindsay
Page Four: Charles Philip Yorke (4th Earl) and Susan Liddell
Page Five: Charles Philip Yorke (5th Earl) and Sophia Georgiana Wellesley
Members of the Yorke families are extensively cross-linked between entries and the five pages. The pages fall naturally into approximate generational order. The listings provided are not exhaustive and I have concentrated on family members who have clear links with Wimpole.
Many of the original details for this page were sourced from www.thePeerage.com, an excellent resource for hunting down members of the aristocracy.
Additional information has been added from the Wimpole Parish Registers from 1740 to 1863 and the original web pages were checked and amended in 2002 against the detailed work of Valentine Bolam and Camilla Gemmingen von Massenbach. Edward Hudson kindly sent me the missing birth details for the children of the 3rd Earl (from the The Annual Peerage of the British Empire 1827 Ed). My thanks to them all.
All errors on the page are probably mine.

Key:
[1st] etc denotes the 1st Earl of Hardwicke etc
[PR]: Many of the baptisms, marriages and burials of members of the Yorke family are individually recorded in the Wimpole Parish Registers.
= Indicates marriage.
| Descended from.
[] Denotes 'baptised at St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole.' [PR]
[] Denotes 'interred or buried at St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole.' [PR]
[M] Denotes 'Monument or Memorial in St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole'
[»«] At end of entry indicates either a genealogical 'dead end' or that the individual or family line is not pursued further on these pages.
[Vault] There are nine Yorke coffins interred in the Yorke Family Vault underneath the Chicheley Chapel at Wimpole. The vault has its own page and is linked from the entries of the individuals concerned.

The Yorke Family - Index
In approximate order of listing. Entries shown in bold are listed on this page
Philip Yorke, [1st], Lord Chancellor Hardwicke
Margaret Yorke (Lygon) (Cocks), Countess of Hardwicke, wife to Philip [1st]
Philip Yorke, [2nd], eldest son and heir to Philip, [1st] Earl of Hardwicke
Jemima Yorke (Campbell), Marchioness Grey, Countess of Hardwicke
Amabel Yorke, daughter of [2nd] Earl of Hardwicke
Mary Jemima Yorke, daughter of [2nd] Earl of Hardwicke
Charles Yorke, son of Philip. [1st] Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret
Catherine Yorke (Freeman), first wife of Charles Yorke
Margaret/Mary Yorke, daughter of Charles Yorke and Catherine [»«]
Philip Yorke, [3rd], heir to earldom, son of Charles Yorke and Catherine
Catherine Yorke, daughter of Charles Yorke and Catherine [»«]
Agneta Yorke (Johnston), second wife of Charles Yorke
Caroline Yorke, daughter of Charles Yorke and Agneta
Charles Philip Yorke, son of Charles Yorke and Agneta
Joseph Sydney Yorke, son of Charles Yorke and Agneta
Joseph Yorke, son of Philip, [1st] Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret
Christina Charlotte Margaret Yorke (Stöcken), wife of Joseph Yorke
Elizabeth Yorke, first daughter of Philip, [1st] Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret
John Yorke, son of [1st] Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret
Elizabeth Yorke (Lygon), wife to John Yorke
Jemima Yorke, daughter of John Yorke and Elizabeth [»«]
James Yorke, son of Philip, [1st] Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret
Mary Yorke (Maddox), wife to James Yorke
Margaret Yorke, first daughter of James Yorke and Mary
Charles Yorke, first son of James Yorke and Mary
Joseph Yorke, second son of James Yorke and Mary [»«]
James Yorke, third son of James Yorke and Mary [»«]
Mary Yorke, second daughter of James Yorke and Mary
Philip Yorke, fourth son of James Yorke and Mary [»«]
Elizabeth Yorke, third daughter of James Yorke and Mary [»«]
Margaret Yorke, second daughter of [1st] Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret [»«]

See also
The Yorke Family Vault. Nine Yorke coffins beneath the Chicheley Chapel.

Philip Yorke = Elizabeth Gibbon Charles Cocks = Mary Somers
| ----------------------------|
Philip Yorke [1st] [] [M] = Margaret Lygon (Cocks) [] [M]
|
(1) Philip Yorke [2nd] [] [M]
(2) Charles Yorke [] [M]
(3) Joseph Yorke [] [M]
(4) Elizabeth Yorke
(5) John Yorke [] [M]
(6) James Yorke
(7) Margaret Yorke

(1) Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke
Lord Royston from 1754
Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke
Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke,
by George Romney
Born 9 [20th on Memorial] December 1720, died 16 May 1790 (aged 69).
Philip Yorke [] [M] was the first son and heir of Philip Yorke, [1st] Earl of Hardwicke [] [M] and Margaret Cocks [] [M]
Educated at Dr. Newcome’s, Hackney; then Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
Member of Parliament 1738-1747. Teller of the Exchequer 1738-90. Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire 1757-90. Privy Councillor in 1760.
He inherited Wimpole and the title of 2nd Earl of Hardwicke 6 March 1764.
"Before Philip Yorke was 21 his father, Lord Hardwicke, had provided him with a life sinecure which by 1782 was worth £7,000 a year, married him to a great heiress, and returned him [as Member of Parliament] for Reigate."
"In 1747 Yorke was chosen by the general meeting of the county to stand for Cambridgeshire, where his father’s estate of Wimpole and near which his wife’s of Wrest were situated. Though no opposition was expected, his father took the precaution of returning him again for Reigate, plying him with advice, from the care of his health to the question of treating the freeholders. ‘You can’t drink’, Lord Hardwicke wrote, ‘and need not do it much yourself. If you find yourself hot and dry, drink negus, I mean wine and warm water. And be sure to take care that your bed and sheets are in all places well aired’."
"Though Hardwicke could bring his eldest son into Parliament, he could not make him a politician. An ample income, poor health, and bookish tastes, combined to disincline Philip Yorke for an active public life. His ruling passion was collecting historical documents."
He married Lady Jemima Campbell, Marchioness Grey (daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland and Lady Amabel Grey) on 22 May 1740.
Children of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke and Lady Jemima Yorke (Campbell):
(1) Lady Amabel Yorke, born 22 January 1751, died 4 May 1833.
(2) Lady Mary Jemima Yorke, born 9 February 1757, died 7 January 1830.
As Philip Yorke died without male heir, the title passed on his death to his nephew Philip Yorke, the first son of the late Rt Hon Charles Yorke
Memorial to Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole
Monument to Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl, by Thomas Bank.
A white marble stele with kneeling female mourner.
St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole.
Monumental Inscription:
"In the family vault in this Chapel are deposited the Remains of Philip Earl of Hardwicke, Son & Heir of Philip Earl of Hardwicke, Lord High Chancellor of Britain, &c: &c: by Margaret his Wife. He was born Dec. 20th. 1720, & died May 16th. in his 70th. year. In 1736, he was appointed a Teller of the Exchequer; in 1757, Lord Lieutt. & Custos Rotulorum of the County of Cambridge; in 1760, a Member of His Majesty's Most Honble. Privy Council; in 1764, elected High Steward of the University of Cambridge; & had the Honour of Representing that County in Parliament from 1747 to 1764, when he succeeded to the Title, &c."
"To the earliest Indications of uncommon quickness of Parts, & a strong comprehensive Understanding, were happily united, an ardent Desire of Knowledge, & an unremitting Application. With Gifts so excellent, improved by Culture, he would have done Honour, by his Talents, to the highest Stations, if the Pursuits & Attainments of Learning, had not been more congenial to his Nature, than Views of Ambition, or of Active Life."
"Well versed in classical and general Learning, peculiarly distinguished by an extensive and accurate Knowledge of History; ready and elegant in Composition; fond of the Arts, and of the Objects of his youthful Studies; he promoted the first, by his Countenance & Liberality, the last by his Example."
"The regular and blameless Tenor of his Life, and his Benevolence towards Individuals, evinced beyond a doubt, that the Principles he professed, and the Duties he practised, were founded upon the great and established Truths of the Natural and Revealed Religion."
"Amid the various Blessings he enjoyed, the only With which the Warmth of Affection could have devised for the Completion of his Happiness, was obtained by his Marriage, in 1740, with Jemima Campbell, Daughter of John, Lord Viscount Glenorchy (afterwards Earl of Breadalbane) Grand-Daughter & Heiress of Henry, Duke of Kent; Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, and Marchioness Grey, the Issue of which were, Lady Amabell & Lady Mary Grey."
[Parish Registers]:
Interred in St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole
[] Burial: "25 May 1790, HARDWICKE, The Rt. Hon. Philip,2nd Earl of H".

Philip Yorke [1st] = Margaret Lygon John Campbell = Amabel de Grey
| ----------------------------|
(1) Philip Yorke [2nd] [] [M] = Jemima Campbell [M]
|
(1) Amabel Yorke
(2) Mary Jemima Yorke

Lady Jemima Campbell, Marchioness Grey,
later Baroness Lucas and Countess of Hardwicke
Lady Jemima Campbell, Marchioness Grey, Countess of Hardwicke.
Lady Jemima Campbell, Marchioness Grey, Countess of Hardwicke.
Portrait by Allan Ramsay, signed 1781.
Purchased by Mrs Elsie Bambridge and bequeathed to the National Trust.
Displayed at Wimpole Hall.
Born 9 October 1722 at the royal court in Copenhagen where her father served as ambassador from 1720 to 1730, died 11 January 1797 (at age 74).
Lady Jemima Campbell was the only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane (1696–1782) and Lady Amabel de Grey (died 1727), eldest daughter and co-heir of Henry de Grey, Duke of Kent, upon whose demise in 1740 Lady Jemima Campbell became Marchioness Grey by special remainder.
She married Philip Yorke [] [M], 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, son of Philip Yorke, [1st] Earl of Hardwicke [] [M] and Margaret Cocks [] [M], on 22 May 1740.
She gained the titles of Baroness Lucas and Countess of Hardwicke.
Children of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke and Lady Jemima Yorke (Campbell):
(1) Lady Amabel Yorke, born 22 January 1751, died 4 May 1833.
(2) Lady Mary Jemima Yorke, born 9 February 1757, died 7 January 1830.
Memorial to Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole Monument to Philip Yorke in the de Grey Mausoleum at Flitton, Bedfordshire
(left) Monument to Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, by Thomas Bank.
St Andrew's Parish Church, Wimpole.
Monumental Inscription (part):
"Amid the various Blessings he enjoyed, the only With which the Warmth of Affection could have devised for the Completion of his Happiness, was obtained by his Marriage, in 1740, with Jemima Campbell, Daughter of John, Lord Viscount Glenorchy (afterwards Earl of Breadalbane) Grand-Daughter & Heiress of Henry, Duke of Kent; Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, and Marchioness Grey, the Issue of which were, Lady Amabell & Lady Mary Grey."
(right) Monument to Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke in the de Grey Mausoleum at Flitton, the final resting place of Lady Jemima Yorke (Campbell), Marchioness Grey, Countess of Hardwicke.
Monumental Inscription (part):
"Her excellent & cultivated understanding, her serene & benevolent temper, her polished manners, her domestic virtues and exemplary piety will ever be revered and regretted by her children, relations and friends".
Jemima died at the family's London House, 4 Saint James' Square on 11 January 1797, aged 74 and the title of Marquess Grey died with her. She was also 4th Baroness Lucas of Crudwell and this title passed to her eldest daughter Amabel. Jemima was interred in the de Grey Mausoleum at Flitton church, Bedfordshire on 21st January, sharing her husband's monument.

Philip Yorke [1st] = Margaret Lygon John Campbell = Amabel de Grey
| ----------------------------|
(1) Philip Yorke [2nd] [] [M] = Jemima Campbell [M]
|
(1) Amabel Yorke
(2) Mary Jemima Yorke

(1) Lady Amabel Yorke
Later Amabel Hume-Campbell, 5th Baroness Lucas of Crudwell (1797), 1st Countess de Grey of Wrest (1816)
The Ladies Amabel and Mary Jemima Yorke
Portrait of the Ladies Amabel and Mary Jemima Yorke c1761
by Joshua Reynolds.
© The Cleveland Museum of Art, USA.
Portrait commissioned by their father, Philip Yorke [2nd].
Amabel is shown left, Mary Jemima on the right.
Born 23 January 1751, died 4 May 1833 (aged 83).
Lady Amabel Yorke was the eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke [] [M] and Jemima Campbell [M] and a sister to Lady Mary Jemima Yorke.
Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey was a diarist and political writer who was a Countess in her own right. Amabel grew up and was privately educated between the family’s estate of Wrest Park in Bedfordshire and their London residence at 4 St James’s Square, along with her younger sister Mary Jemima (1757-1830). She loved books from the age of five and she later became a diarist. She was painted as a child by Joshua Reynolds and engravings are in the National Portrait Gallery. She was taught about art by James Basire and Alexander Cozens and about etching by James Bretherton. Her own prints are kept in the British Museum. She wrote on political matters and particularly about the French Revolution.
"A prolific writer, Amabel opened the first volume of what were to become a series of thirty-seven diaries that spanned the majority of her adult life with the statement: ‘My Design in this Book, is to write down some memorandums, of what I hear or see, most remarkable.’ Intended as a private record, the diaries are an extremely valuable source, not only as they provide a fascinating account of fashionable and political life but also as they offer a unique insight into the leisure experiences of elite women, containing in particular daily entries detailing social and cultural activities pursed during visits made to spas and seaside resorts during the later eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries."
"On 16 July 1772 Amabel married Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth and though the match was arranged by Amabel’s parents, the couple developed a genuine affection. They lived at Fountains Hall on the Studley Royal Estate near Ripon. They had no children and Alexander died of consumption in 1781."
Amabel never remarried.
On the death of her mother Jemima, Countess of Hardwicke, on 11 January 1797, Amabel became the 5th Baroness Lucas of Crudwell but did not become Marchioness Grey, that title becoming extinct on her mother’s death. However, on 25th October 1816 she was created 1st Countess de Grey of Wrest, with a specially created remainder in the title so that it could pass on her death to the male heirs of her sister Mary Jemima, Dowager Baroness Grantham.
Memorial to Amabel, Countess de Grey of Wrest in the de Grey Mausoleum
Memorial to Amabel, Countess de Grey of Wrest
in the de Grey Mausoleum at Flitton, Bedfordshire
Amabel Hume-Campbell died on 4th May 1833 at Saint James’ Square, London, aged 82 and is interred in the de Grey Mausoleum at Flitton Church, Bedfordshire, near the family estate of Wrest Park. [»«]

Philip Yorke [1st] = Margaret Lygon John Campbell = Amabel de Grey
| ----------------------------|
(1) Philip Yorke [2nd] [] [M] = Jemima Campbell [M]
|
(1) Amabel Yorke
(2) Mary Jemima Yorke

(2) Lady Mary Jemima Yorke
Baroness Grantham (17 August 1780), her married name becoming Robinson.
The Ladies Amabel and Mary Jemima Yorke
Portrait of the Ladies Amabel and Mary Jemima Yorke c1761
by Joshua Reynolds.
© The Cleveland Museum of Art, USA.
Portrait commissioned by their father, Philip Yorke [2nd].
Amabel is shown left, Mary Jemima on the right.
Born 9 February 1757, died 7 January 1830.
Lady Mary Jemima Yorke was the second daughter of Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke [] [M] and Jemima Campbell [M] and a sister to Lady Amabel Yorke.
Lady Mary Jemima Yorke married Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham, son of Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham and Frances Worsley, on 17 August 1780. After her marriage, Lady Mary Jemima Yorke was styled as Baroness Grantham and her married name became Robinson.
Children of Lady Mary Jemima Yorke and Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham:
(1) Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey of Wrest (1781-1859) [»«]
(2) Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon (1782-1859) [»«]
(3) Hon. Philip Robinson (1783-1794) [»«]
Mary Jemima Robinson, Baroness Grantham, died on 7 January 1830 at age 72. [»«]

 
This page was last updated on: 31 May 2019.

Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire
Aerial View of Wimpole Hall
Copyright © National Trust, all rights reserved.



Contact the Website
      Read Our Guestbook
Website © Copyright 2000-2019 Steve Odell


Website security